Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
@_ Welt, Mundo, Monde, Mondo, World
NGO Nichtregierungsorganisation, Organisations non gouvernementale, Non Governmental Organizations

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Amnesty International (W3)

Bei der 1961 gegründete internationale Organisation zum Schutze der Menschenrechte "Amnesty International" ist der Name Programm. "Amnesty" geht zurück auf lateinisch-griechisch und bedeutet "Vergebung".

(E?)(L?) http://www.amnesty.org/


(E?)(L?) http://www.amnesty.de/


(E?)(L?) http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1977/index.html
The Nobel Peace Prize 1977, Amnesty International, London, United Kingdom

(E?)(L?) http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1977/amnesty-history.html

History of Organization
Amnesty International was founded in 1961 by Peter Benenson, a British lawyer. It was originally his intention to launch an appeal in Britain with the aim of obtaining an "amnesty" for prisoners of conscience all over the world. The committee working for this cause soon found that a detailed documentation of this category of prisoners would be needed. Gradually they realized that the work would have to be carried out on a more permanent basis; the number of prisoners of conscience was enormous and they were to be found in every part of the world.

Amnesty International is a world-embracing movement working for the protection of human rights. It is independent of all governments and is neutral in its relation to political groups, ideologies and religious dividing lines. The movement works for the release of women and men who have been arrested for their convictions, the colour of their skin, their ethnic origin or their faith - provided that they have not themselves used force or exhorted others to resort to violence. It is this category of prisoners that Amnesty International calls "prisoners of conscience". The movement proclaimed 1977 "Prisoners of Conscience Year" and collected signatures for an appeal addressed to the General Assembly of the United Nations.

To begin with, Amnesty International was a British organization, but in 1963 an international secretariat was established. Seán Mac Bride - later awarded the Nobel peace prize - became chairman of the organization in 1963, at a time when Amnesty International was rapidly expanding. Ten years after its foundation the organization comprised more than 1000 voluntary groups in 28 countries and the figures are steadily rising. In February this year (1977) there were 1874 groups in 33 countries. The present chairman of Amnesty International is the Swede Thomas Hammarberg.

In addition to its work for the prisoners of conscience - "the forgotten prisoners" - Amnesty International has also carried on campaigns against torture and ill-treatment as well as - in recent years - against capital punishment. In the statutes adopted by the organization in 1974 these three tasks are named as the most important ones for Amnesty International.


(E3)(L1) http://www.hanisauland.de/info/allebegriffe.html

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amnesty international (ai)
Das ist der englische Name einer internationalen Organisation, die sich weltweit für die Menschenrechte einsetzt. Sie wurde 1961 in London gegründet. Amnesty international versucht Menschen in der ganzen Welt zu helfen, die aus politischen, weltanschaulichen oder religiösen Gründen verfolgt, bestraft und mit dem Tode bedroht werden.
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geonames
International Organizations in various languages
Internationale Organizationen in vielen Sprachen

(E?)(L?) http://www.geonames.de/intorg.html
ASEAN - AU - CIS - COE - EU - ICJ - IOC - LAS - NATO - OAS - OECD - OIC - Red Cross - UN - UNESCO - UNICEF - WHO

Greenpeace (W3)

Engl. "Greenpeace" = "grüner Frieden" ist Programm" der internationalen Umweltschutzorganisation, die 1971 in Vancouver (Kanada) gegründet wurde.

(E?)(L?) http://www.greenpeace.org/


(E?)(L?) http://www.greenpeace.de/


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NGO, NRO (W3)

(E3)(L1) http://www.hanisauland.de/info/allebegriffe.html

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"NGO" ist die Abkürzung des englischen Begriffes engl. "Non Governmental Organization", dt. "Nicht-Regierungsorganisation" = "NRO".
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Rotes Kreuz, Red Cross, Roter Halbmond, Red Crescent (W3)

Am 08. Mai 1828 erblickte der Schweizer Jean-Henri Dunant das Licht der Welt. Er war einer der ersten beiden Gewinner des Friedensnobelpreise.

Mit 31 Jahren war er Zeuge der Schlacht von Solferino (zwischen Franzosen und Piemontesen unter Napoleon III. und den Österreichern unter Franz Joseph I. Die Schlacht soll über 40.000 Tote und Verwundete gefordert haben. Viele starben dabei nicht auf dem Schlachtfeld sondern an der schlechten medizinischen Versorung. Vier Jahre danach (1863) gelang es Dunant eine internationale Vereinigung Freiwilliger ins Leben zu rufen. Diese hatte das Ziel Leiden in Kriegs- und in Friedenszeiten zu verhindern oder zu lindern.
Daraus entstanden schließlich nationale Gesellschaften wie das "Rote Kreuz" = "Red Cross", der "Rote Halbmond" = "Red Crescent" und andere Organisationen.

Das rote Kreuz auf weißem Feld entstand aus der Umkehrung des Schweizer Wappens "weißes Kreuz auf rotem Feld". Die islamischen Ländern wählte man in Anlehnung an das schon seit dem 13. Jh. erscheinende Wahrzeichen des Islams den "Roten Halbmond". Weitere national angelehnte Zeichen (jedoch ohne internationale Anerkennung) sind der "Rote Davidstern" in Israel und der "Rote Löwe" im Iran.

Hinter allen Bezeichnungen mit "Crescent" steckt der "aufgehende Halbmond".
Den "Roten Halbmond" findet man in vielen dem Islam nahestehenden Staaten wie Algerien, Aserbaidschan, Komoren, Malaysia, Malediven, Mauritanien, Pakistan, Tunesien, and Türkei. In diesen Ländern entspricht der "Red Crescent" dem "Roten Kreuz" in anderen Ländern.

RED CROSS (CRESCENT or DIAMOND) FLAG

(E?)(L1) http://www.flags.net/ICRC.htm


(E?)(L?) http://www.geonames.de/intorg.html
eng: Red Crescent Red Cross

(E1)(L1) http://dictionary.reference.com/

NOUN: 1. A branch of the "Red Cross" organization operating in a Muslim country. 2. The crescent-shaped emblem of such a branch.


(E1)(L1) http://www.symbols.com/encyclopedia/20/202.html

This sign does not, like the preceding entry sign, mean the moon in general, but the waning moon, i.e. the crescent that can be seen just before the sun rises for a few days each month. A very similar sign for the waning moon is which, together with the sign for Venus as the Morning star, i.e. the goddess of war, , appears on the flags of several Muslim countries. For more information, turn to in Group 24.
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UN GA
General Assembly of the United Nations
UN General Assembly - UN-Informationsbüro Bonn

(E?)(L?) http://www.un.org/ga/


(E?)(L?) http://www.un.org/ga/about/background.shtml

Established in 1945 under the Charter of the United Nations, the General Assembly occupies a central position as the chief deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations. Comprising all 192 Members of the United Nations, it provides a unique forum for multilateral discussion of the full spectrum of international issues covered by the Charter.

It also plays a significant role in the process of standard-setting and the codification of international law. The Assembly meets in regular session intensively from September to December each year, and thereafter as required.
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United Nations, UN
Nations Unies, NU
Vereinte Nationen, VN (W3)

Der Name "Vereinte Nationen" wurde erstmals in der "Erklärung der Vereinten Nationen" vom 01.01.1942 verwendet, in der Großbritannien und die USA ihre Kriegsziele darlegten.

(E?)(L?) http://www.uno.de/
UN-Informationsbüro Bonn

(E?)(L?) http://www.unog.ch/
UN Büro Genf

(E?)(L?) http://www.unvienna.org/
UN Büro Wien

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