Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
@_ Welt, Mundo, Monde, Mondo, World
Sicherheit, Seguridad, Sécurité, Sicurezza, Security

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APWG (W3)

"APWG" steht für "Anti-Phishing Working Group".

(E6)(L?) http://www.antiphishing.org/


(E?)(L?) http://www.jargonf.org/


(E6)(L?) http://www.secorvo.de/security-news/secorvo-ssn0508.pdf
Phishing Archive | Report Phishing | APWG Events | APWG News | Resources | Membership | APWG Member Site | APWG eCrime Newswire | Contact Us | JOIN THE APWG


The "Anti-Phishing Working Group" ("APWG") is the global pan-industrial and law enforcement association focused on eliminating the fraud and identity theft that result from phishing, pharming and email spoofing of all types.

What is Phishing and Pharming?

Phishing attacks use both social engineering and technical subterfuge to steal consumers' personal identity data and financial account credentials. Social-engineering schemes use 'spoofed' e-mails to lead consumers to counterfeit websites designed to trick recipients into divulging financial data such as credit card numbers, account usernames, passwords and social security numbers. Hijacking brand names of banks, e-retailers and credit card companies, phishers often convince recipients to respond. Technical subterfuge schemes plant crimeware onto PCs to steal credentials directly, often using Trojan keylogger spyware. Pharming crimeware misdirects users to fraudulent sites or proxy servers, typically through DNS hijacking or poisoning.


Das Phishing-Archiv beginnt mit dem 21. September 2003.

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cirt
Default Password List

(E?)(L?) http://www.cirt.net/cgi-bin/passwd.pl
Hier findet man zwar keine Wortgeschichten zu den gewählten Passwörtern, aber die Liste von - nach Systemen aufgeteilten - Default-Passwörtern verdient schon allein wegen ihres Umfangs einen Platz im Etymologie-Portal. Und einige Bezeichnungen kann man sich eventuell selbst herleiten.

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loyola
Intelligence Services

Warum die Geheimdienste als "Intelligence Services" bezeichnet werden ist mir noch nicht klar.

Jedenfalls ist hier eine lange Liste mit Links zu Geheimdiensten in aller Welt zu finden.
In Deutschland sind unter "International Links Related to Strategic Intelligence" aufgeführt:

(E?)(L1) http://www.loyola.edu/dept/politics/intel.html
Am 06.12.2009 war diese Seite der "Loyola University Maryland" nicht mehr erreichbar.

Wegen der vielen Abkürzungen und ihrer Langschrift belasse ich die folegenden Auszüge jedoch.





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Mayday (W3)

Engl. "Mayday" wurde im Jahr 1927 auf der Internationalen Rundfunkkonferenz in Washington als internationales Notrufzeichen im Sprechfunk festgelegt. Abgeleitet wurde "Mayday" von frz. "m'aidez" = dt. "Helfen Sie mir".

Mit "Mayday" bezeichnet man keinen dt. "Maitag" sondern ruft (seit etwa 1920) international um Hilfe, wenn man in Seenot gerät. Dem Hilferuf "Mayday" liegt frz. "M'aidez" = "Helfen Sie mir", "Helft mir!" zu Grunde. Man findet auch die Variante frz. "venez m'aider" = dt. "Kommen Sie mir helfen".

(E6)(L1) http://www.anglizismenindex.de/

mayday


(E?)(L?) http://www.arte.tv/de/alle-rubriken/2488592.html


(E?)(L?) http://www.arte.tv/de/das-wort-mayday/629426.html

das Wort: "Mayday" - Sonntag, 07.11.2004 - Mit Hinrich Schmidt-Henkel, unserem Übersetzer aus Berlin, entdecken wir heute den Ursprung einiger Ausdrücke, die viel in der Welt herumgekommen sind.
...
"Jeanshose": Um das Jahr 1850 herum ließ sich in San Francisco ein gewisser Levi-Strauss eine Hose mit fünf Taschen patentieren, die für die kalifornischen Goldsucher gedacht war. Diese Hose wurde nach dem Vorbild eines Beinkleides gemacht, das in Norditalien weit verbreitet war, an der ligurischen Küste, rings um die Stadt "Genua". "Genua" auf Französisch "Gênes", auf Englisch "Genes". Also: ein italienisches Wort, auf Englisch ausgesprochen, kommt hier als amerikanische Kreation zu uns zurück.
...
Dieses Tuch heißt "Denim". Spielen wir ein bisschen mit der Schreibweise, und schon haben wir einen Hinweis auf die Herkunft. In der Tat wurde dieser Baumwollstoff schon im 16. Jahrhundert in Südfrankreich gewebt, eine Qualität, die "Serge" heißt, aus "Nîmes" stammt: "La serge de Nîmes" – "de Nîmes", wenn man das englisch ausspricht und etwas verschleift, hat man "Denim".
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.arte.tv/de/das-wort-mayday/1032384.html

Sendung vom 5. Februar 2006 - 05/02/06
das Wort: Mayday
Mit Hinrich Schmidt-Henkel, unserem Übersetzer aus Berlin, entdecken wir heute den Ursprung einiger Ausdrücke, die viel in der Welt herumgekommen sind.
...


(E?)(L?) http://sites.arte.tv/karambolage/fr/le-mot-mayday-karambolage

le mot : "Mayday"

Karambolage 30 - 7 novembre 2004

Hinrich Schmidt-Henkel, notre traducteur berlinois, nous invite aujourd’hui à découvrir l’origine de quelques mots ou expressions qui ont beaucoup voyagé.

Mayday ! Mayday !

Vous connaissez tous ce cri de détresse qu’un capitaine, quelle que soit sa nationalité ou sa langue, adresse au monde entier pour lancer un SOS. Et, il suffit de voir n’importe quel film américain de catastrophe aérienne pour voir un Tom Cruise par exemple lancer à sa radio "Mayday ! Mayday !" quand le suspense est à son comble. Moi, je me suis toujours dit : c’est curieux – may – le mois de mai, day – le jour. Quel est le rapport ?
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.biermap24.de/bierliste.php

Airbräu Mayday


(E?)(L?) http://permanent.cyconflans.free.fr/glossaire/glossaire.htm

"Détresse": n.f. Situation d'un bâtiment désemparé en situation de grand danger. Les règles relatives à la sauvegarde de la vie humaine en mer stipulent qu'un appel de détresse (signal "Mayday") ne doit être émis que lorsqu'un navire et l'ensemble de ses occupants courent un péril grave et imminent (voie d'eau importante, incendie à bord, risque d'être drossé sur un danger pouvant conduire au naufrage, etc.). On ne lance pas un appel de détresse pour un démâtage ou une panne de moteur (sauf si cette avarie conduit à un risque imminent beaucoup plus grave), pas même pour un homme à la mer (dans ce dernier cas on lance un message d'urgence). Cet appel s'adresse à tous et a une priorité absolue. L'appel prend la forme suivante :

"Mayday" (répété trois fois), ici [nom du navire] (répété trois fois), position du navire, nature de la détresse, secours demandés, intentions du chef de bord et toute autre information susceptible d'aider les secours.

A la réception d'un tel message, il faut faire silence sur le canal utilisé (canal 16 en VHF, 2182 kHz en BLU). Si, après un laps de temps de 15 à 20 secondes, aucune station côtière n'a répondu, le récepteur pourra émettre un accusé de réception du mayday (« Reçu mayday »), demander éventuellement des renseignements complémentaires et préciser le temps nécessaire pour arriver sur zone. De plus, si aucune station côtière n'a répondu, il est conseillé d'essayer de retransmettre l'appel par un message de type Mayday Relay. Il va sans dire (mais ça va mieux en le disant) qu'il est obligatoire de porter secours à un bateau en détresse (si l'on est en mesure de le faire).

"Mayday": n.m. Signal international de détresse utilisé pour la sauvegarde de la vie humaine en mer, correspondant à l'ancien "SOS" ("trois points, trois traits, trois points") de l'époque où les radiotélécommunications s'effectuaient en morse. Malgré la graphie anglaise, le mot "mayday" est en fait une transcription phonétique adoptée internationalement du français "m'aider". Voir "Détresse".

"Sauvegarde de la vie humaine en mer" ("SVH"): Loc.f. Un certain nombre de procédures de radiotéléphonie sont codifiées pour assurer la "SVH" en mer. Il est obligatoire (pour les navires « astreints ») ou au moins vivement recommandé (pour les autres bateaux) d'assurer une veille permanente sur les fréquences internationales de détresse (canal 16 en VHF, 2182 kHz en BLU). En outre, le nouveau système de balises automatiques de détresse (SARSAT-COSPAS) émet sur 121,5 MHz (fréquence de détresse internationale aéronautique) et sur 406,025 MHz (fréquence captée par des satellites). Il existe trois types de messages particuliers relatifs à la "SVH" : le message de détresse (signal "Mayday"), le message d'urgence (signal Pan Pan) et le message de sécurité (signal Sécurité), qui doivent être émis sur les fréquences de détresse signalées ci-dessus.


(E?)(L?) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=mayday

mayday

"distress call", 1923, apparently an Englished spelling of French "m'aider", shortening of "venez m'aider" "come help me!" But possibly a random coinage with coincidental resemblance:

"May Day" Is Airplane SOS

ENGLISH aviators who use radio telephone transmitting sets on their planes, instead of telegraph sets, have been puzzling over the problem of choosing a distress call for transmission by voice. The letters SOS wouldn't do, and just plain "help!" was not liked, and so "May Day" was chosen. This was thought particularly fitting since it sounds very much like the French m'aidez, which means "help me." ["The Wireless Age," June 1923]


(E?)(L?) http://www.fishbase.org/trophiceco/FishEcoList.php?ve_code=414

Species in Mayday Seamount

Species - Name - Family - Habitat - Length (cm) - Trophic Level - Status


(E?)(L?) http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/microscapes/pages/mayday.html

Molecular Expressions Microscapes Gallery

"Mayday" - Constructed with liquid crystalline DNA, ethidium bromide crystallites, and the microscope field diaphragm.

A multiple (4) exposure of liquid crystalline DNA (the foreground), the microscope field diaphragm defocused with a yellow filter (the sun and it's reflection), and ethidium bromide crystallites (the asteroid belts). This photomicrograph utilizes both brightfield and polarized light photomicrography.


(E?)(L?) http://dhs.georgia.gov/georgia-demographics

Echols County - Includes the cities of Fruitland, Haylon, Howell, Mayday, Needmore, Potter, Statenville and Tarver.


(E?)(L?) http://www.grosse-seefahrt.de/modules.php?name=Encyclopedia&op=list_content&eid=1

Mayday | Mayday fini | Mayday relais | Silence mayday


(E?)(L?) http://www.hotforwords.com/words/

Mayday


(E?)(L?) http://blog.inkyfool.com/2012/10/mayday-maider.html

Wednesday, 17 October 2012
Mayday! M'aidez!
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.internationalposter.com/about-poster-art/country-primers/soviet-posters.aspx

...
Although posters were produced in Russia before the Revolution, they were overshadowed by the remarkable propaganda posters of the Soviets. Lenin takes responsibility for creating the first truly modern propaganda machine, from postage stamps and "Mayday parades" to monumental sculptures. Perhaps its most colorful, dramatic and original form was the poster. Through it, the greatest artists of the time proclaimed government policies, asked for support, and demanded greater efforts - all with the goal of building Soviet power.
...


(E?)(L?) http://listserv.linguistlist.org/pipermail/ads-l/2012-September/subject.html




(E?)(L?) http://listserv.linguistlist.org/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind1209A&L=ADS-L&P=R3351&I=-3&d=No+Match%3BMatch%3BMatches

Subject: Mayday antedating
From: Victor Steinbok
Date: Sun, 2 Sep 2012 23:23:43 -0400

There is an absolute limit, apparently, on dating "Mayday", as Wiki states that it was invented in 1923 at Croydon. It's actually one of the better known histories, given that we know who, where and roughly when (no date is specified, but, I'm sure, someone, somewhere has recorded that little bit of history too).

The Mayday callsign originated in 1923 by Frederick Stanley Mockford (1897–1962).[4] A senior radio officer at Croydon Airport in London, Mockford was asked to think of a word that would indicate distress and would easily be understood by all pilots and ground staff in an emergency. Since much of the traffic at the time was between Croydon and Le Bourget Airport in Paris, he proposed the word "Mayday" from the French m’aider. "Venez m'aider" means "come help me."

But the OED only gives a 1927 quote:

> 1927 /Internat. Radio Telegraph Convention/ 51 Rules apply to the radio telephone distress call which consists of the spoken expression /Mayday/, (corresponding to the French pronunciation of the expression 'm'aider').
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.mayday.de/


(E?)(L?) https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/mayday-meaning-origin

Word History

Where Does the Word 'Mayday' Come From?

The amazing origin of a famous distress call

"May Day": a day we in the northern hemisphere have historically reserved for fun springtime activities, like the maypole and picnics; a day when we can see summer and sprinklers and Popsicles right around the corner; a day that can't help but bring to mind ... airplane pilots calling for help?
...


(E?)(L?) http://shop.nationalgeographic.com/1/1/494-mayday-lost-sea-dvd-exclusive.html

Mayday! Lost at Sea DVD Exclusive


(E?)(L?) http://openliterature.net/dickens/uncommercial-traveller/

Uncommercial Traveller
Title: The Uncommercial Traveller
Author: Charles Dickens
Source: Gutenberg Source
URL: http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/914
THE UNCOMMERCIAL TRAVELLER
CHAPTER I–HIS GENERAL LINE OF BUSINESS
...
There is another class of birthdays at which I have so frequently assisted, that I may assume such birthdays to be pretty well known to the human race. My friend Mayday’s birthday is an example.
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.owad.de/owad-archive-quiz.php4?id=4089

mayday


(E?)(L?) http://www.pourquois.com/expressions_langage/pourquoi-mayday-mayday.html

Pourquoi dit-on 'mayday ! mayday !' ?


(E2)(L1) http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/mayday

mayday


(E2)(L1) http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/May Day

May Day


(E1)(L1) http://www.prismenfernglas.de/woerter.html

Mayday


(E?)(L?) http://www.sailonline.com/seamanship/general-seamanship/distress-calls-at-sea

Handling distress calls at sea


(E?)(L?) http://www.tv-kult.de/index.php?site=sendungen&m=SM

Mayday


(E?)(L1) http://www.vaartips.nl/

Mayday

De radionoodoproep "mayday" (3x) mocht tot een paar jaar geleden alleen gebruikt worden op zee en ruim water. Inmiddels ook op binnenwater. Het internationale noodsignaal is waarschijnlijk een verbastering van het Franse "m'aider" (mij helpen, help me). De noodoproep zou voor het eerst gebruikt zijn in 1923 op voorstel van F.S. Mockford, verkeersleider van Croydon Airport in London.
...


(E?)(L?) https://www.visualthesaurus.com/

Thu, 1 May 2008: Mayday

This internationally recognized distress signal, pressed into easy English spelling and pronunciation, is from French m'aidez or m'aider ("help me!"). We salute it today, on May Day, a day for various celebrations in countries around the world.


(E?)(L?) http://www.visualthesaurus.com?word=mayday

mayday


(E?)(L?) http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/french-words-in-american-english/2770892.html

Common French Words in American English


(E?)(L?) http://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/words-and-their-stories-mayday-149363765/606730.html

Mayday! Mayday! Mayday!


(E?)(L?) http://learningenglish.voanews.com/content/words-and-their-stories-mayday-149363765/606730.html

May 05, 2014
Words and Their Stories
Mayday! Mayday! Mayday!
...
"Mayday" has nothing to do with the month of "May". It comes from the French expressions "venez m'aider", or "m'aidez", which mean "help me".

Frederick Stanley Mockford created the mayday call signal in the 1920s. Mockford was a radio officer at Croydon Airport in London. He was asked to think of a word that could be used in an emergency. The word had to be easily understood by all pilots and airport workers. Much of the air traffic at that time was between Croydon Airport and Le Bourget Airport near Paris, France. So he proposed the word "mayday".
...
Many other French words are commonly used in English.


(E?)(L?) http://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/phylum#word=A

"Mayday": an internationally recognized distress signal via radiotelephone (from the French m'aider)


(E?)(L?) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_phrases_used_by_English_speakers

MAYDAY

([venez] m'aider, come to help me"; note that aidez-moi means "help me") the following is a message of extreme urgency, the highest level of danger. (MAYDAY is used on voice channels for the same uses as SOS on Morse channels.)


(E?)(L?) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayday

...
"Mayday" is an emergency code word used internationally as a distress signal, derived from the French "M'aidez!" ("help me").
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.word-detective.com/back-n.html#mayhem

Mayday! Mayhem!

Dear Evan: Can you tell me the origin of "mayhem"? I have bet one of my co- workers that it is related to "mayday," a cry for help. -- L. Kotula, New York City.
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/site/mayday/

mayday


(E?)(L?) http://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/site/comments/mayday/

mayday

Dave Wilton, Saturday, October 28, 2006

This distress call is a phonetic representation of the French "m’aider", literally "help me". In this case the change from the French is deliberate and not a result of folk etymology. Its use dates to the 1927 International Radio Telegraph Convention:

Rules apply to the radio telephone distress call which consists of the spoken expression "Mayday", (corresponding to the French pronunciation of the expression "m’aider").

(Source: Oxford English Dictionary, New Edition)


(E?)(L?) http://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/site/comments/1927_words/

"Mayday", int. and n.2 1927 saw the convening of the International Radiotelegraph Conference in Washington, D. C., an organization which met periodically to standardize rules and procedures governing international communications. One of the measures they adopted that year was the use of "mayday", from the French "m’aider" "help me", as a distress signal.


(E?)(L?) http://www.wordsmith.org/words/mayday.html

Mayday or mayday (MAY-day) noun
A distress signal; a call for help.
...


(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=0&content=Mayday
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "Mayday" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1580 / 1760 auf.

(E?)(L?) http://corpora.informatik.uni-leipzig.de/


(E?)(L?) http://www.wordmap.co/#Mayday

This experiment brings together the power of Google Translate and the collective knowledge of Wikipedia to put into context the relationship between language and geographical space.


Erstellt: 2017-05

Mayday - Rose


.
Auszeichnungen / Awards
Blätter
Blüheigenschaften / Flowering Blooms in flushes throughout the season
Blütenblätter-Anzahl 30 petals
Blütenfarbe / Flower Colour Light pink
Blütezeit
Bodenansprüche
Dornen / Stacheln
Duft / Fragrance Strong fragrance
Elternrosen / Herkunft seedling of Pinocchio (floribunda, Kordes, 1940) × seedling of Hybrid Tea
Erscheinungsjahr 1957
Hagebutten
Ordnungskriterien, Genre Floribunda, Florists Rose
Standort
Synonyme Mayday
Verwendung
Winterhärte
Wuchsform
Wuchshöhe / Taille / Height
Wuchsweite / Width
Züchter / Entdecker / Origine Bred by Eugene S. "Gene" Boerner (United States, 1957), Introduced in United States by Jackson & Perkins Co. as 'Mayday'



(E?)(L?) http://www.helpmefind.com/gardening/l.php?l=2.27557

Mayday (Floribunda, Boerner, 1957)


Erstellt: 2014-05

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SOS
S.O.S. (W3)

Das Morsezeichen "SOS" ("...---...", "kurz-kurz-kurz-lang-lang-lang-kurz-kurz-kurz") wurde auf der Weltfunkkonferenz im Jahr 1906 in Berlin von den 27 Teilnehmerstaaten als Notsignal festgelegt. Zwei Jahre später hatten alle seefahrenden Nationen zugestimmt. Den weltweit ersten SOS-Notruf auf See sendete am 10. Juni 1909 der vor den Azoren in Seenot geratene britische Passagierdanpfer "Slavonia".

Vor dem "SOS" hieß es "CQD" = "Come quick, danger" = "Kommt schnell, Gefahr"; auch hier wurde der Wortlaut nachträglich hinzu gebastelt.

Für "SOS" spricht die kurze und einfache Form im Morsealphabet. Die Interpretation als Abkürzung für engl. "save our ship", "save our skins", oderr "save our souls" wurde nachträglich assoziiert.

Irgendwann entstanden auch englische Ausdrücke mit "same old ...", wie engl. "same old stuff", "same old story", die ebenfalls mit "SOS" assoziiert werden konnten.

Eine besondere Variante findet sich in der Bezeichnung zoolog. "Eurycea sosorum Chippindale" in der der "sos"-Teil für die Abkürzung "Save Our Springs" steht. (The specific name "sosorum" is the plural mixed-gender genitive form of the acronym "SOS".)

3. Oktober 1906: Auf der ersten internationalen Konferenz für drahtlose Telegrafie in Berlin wird das SOS ("Save Our Souls") zum internationalen Notrufsignal erklärt. Es löst das bisher verwendete "CQD"-Signal ("Come Quick, Danger") ab.

(E?)(L?) http://www.1jour1actu.com/france/copy_of_sos_cocotiers/

28/03/2006 - SOS cocotiers - France


(E?)(L?) http://www.1jour1actu.com/monde/le_sos_des_oiseaux_deurope/

15/11/2004 - Le SOS des oiseaux d’Europe - Monde


(E?)(L?) http://www.alphadictionary.com/goodword/date/2015/12/13

...
Many think that it stands for "save our ship", "save our skins", or "save our souls", but it doesn't stand for anything and never has.
...
"Mayday", from French "(venir) m'aider" "(come) help me", is the verbal equivalent of "SOS" for aircraft, ships, and other vehicles in distress.
...
Word History: Today's Good Word is composed of the letters corresponding to the Morse Code distress call: "• • • – – – • • •". "SOS" was officially adopted as the world-wide distress signal by the International Radio Telegraph Convention July 1, 1908. It replaced "CQD", from "CQ", a signal simply alerting all stations on a telegraph line + "D" for "distress". "CDQ" was easily mistaken for a word. "SOS" was chosen because it was both easy to tap out on a telegraph key and caught a telegraphist's attention, since it consisted of nine straight characters with no intervening spaces. The other letters in Morse code contain two to five dots and/or dashes and are separated by spaces.


(E2)(L2) http://www.blueprints.de/wortschatz/

Das Morsezeichen "...---..." wurde, da es sehr auffällig war, als Notsignal eingeführt. Zufällig waren es die Buchstaben "S,O,S", woraus dann nachträglich "save our souls" gedeutet wurde.

In Deutschland entstanden andere Umdeutungen. Zum Beispiel eine, die die Geschenklösung für den Mann zu Weihnachten abkürzte: "Schlips - Oberhemd - Socken".

(© blueprints Team)


(E?)(L?) http://www.br-online.de/podcast/mp3-download/bayern1/mp3-download-podcast-neun-vor-neun.shtml

Morse-Code SOS soll Standard werden (03.10.1906) - 03.10.2011

Dreimal kurz, dreimal lang, dreimal kurz. SOS. Dieser Morsecode soll künftig das allgemeine Notrufzeichen auf See darstellen. Doch als am 3. Oktober 1906 die internationale Funktelegrafie-Konferenz in Berlin beginnt, ist noch nicht sicher, dass sich der Vorschlag durchsetzen lässt. Zwei Funksysteme konkurrieren um die Vorherrschaft.

Audio abspielen | Audio runterladen | [Audio]-Infos


(E?)(L?) http://www.curioustaxonomy.net/etym/acronyms.html

"Eurycea sosorum Chippindale", Price, Hillis, 1993 ("Barton Springs salamander") The salamander has a very small range. "The species is named in honor of the citizens of Austin, Texas, whose efforts to protect the quality of Barton Springs resulted in the passage of a citizen's aquifer-protection initiative in 1992. This initiative is known locally as the "SOS" ("Save Our Springs") Ordinance, and its supporters as "SOSers". The specific name "sosorum" is the plural mixed-gender genitive form of the acronym "SOS"." [Herpetologica 49:248-259]


(E?)(L?) http://etimologias.dechile.net/?SOS

SOS


(E2)(L1) http://www.dictionary.com/browse/SOS

SOS


(E?)(L?) http://www.dtic.mil/doctrine/dod_dictionary/acronym/s/14647.html

"SOS" - "special operations squadron", Source: JP 1-02


(E?)(L?) http://www.etymologiebank.nl/zoeken/sos

Zoekresultaten


(E?)(L?) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=SOS

"SOS"

1910, from International Morse code letters, chosen arbitrarily as being easy to transmit and difficult to mistake. Not an initialism (acronym) for "save our ship" or anything else. Won out over alternative suggestion "C.Q.D.", which is said to mean "come quickly, distress," or "CQ", general call for alerting other ships that a message follows, and "D" for danger. "SOS" is the telegraphic distress signal only; the oral equivalent is "mayday".


(E?)(L?) http://www.fernsehserien.de/index.php?abc=S




(E?)(L?) http://www.fernsehserien.de/index.php?abc=S




(E?)(L?) http://belleindochine.free.fr/SOSIndochine.htm

SOS Indochine, Andrée Viollis, 1935, texte intégral


(E?)(L?) http://www.grosse-seefahrt.de/modules.php?name=Encyclopedia&op=list_content&eid=1

SOS


(E?)(L1) http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/g

Grant, Reginald: S.O.S. Stand to! (English) (as Author)


(E?)(L?) https://www.ibm.com/support/knowledgecenter/en/SSSA5P_12.6.3/ilog.odms.cplex.help/CPLEX/UsrMan/topics/discr_optim/sos/02_SOS_defn.html

What is a "special ordered set" ("SOS")?


(E?)(L?) http://anw.inl.nl/article/SOS

SOS


(E3)(L1) http://www.jargon.net/jargonfile/s/SOS.html

"SOS" /S-O-S/ /n. obs./

1. An infamously losing text editor. Once, back in the 1960s, when a text editor was needed for the PDP-6, a hacker crufted together a quick-and-dirty "stopgap editor" to be used until a better one was written. Unfortunately, the old one was never really discarded when new ones (in particular, "TECO") came along. "SOS" is a descendant ("Son of Stopgap") of that editor, and many PDP-10 users gained the dubious pleasure of its acquaintance. Since then other programs similar in style to "SOS" have been written, notably the early font editor "BILOS" /bye'lohs/, the Brother-In-Law Of Stopgap (the alternate expansion "Bastard Issue, Loins of Stopgap" has been proposed).

2. /sos/ /vt./ To decrease; inverse of "AOS", from the PDP-10 instruction set.


(E?)(L?) http://jargonf.org/wiki/SOS

SOS

sigle? masculin?.  [puce]. Silicon On Sapphire. Type de circuit intégré, réalisé à l'aide de silicium déposé sur du saphir.

Très résistant aux radiations.


(E?)(L?) http://mentalfloss.com/article/31911/what-does-sos-stand

What Does SOS Stand For?
...
The Logic Behind "SOS"

So why use that specific string of dots and dashes if there’s no meaning to it? Because it was the best way to get the job done.
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.netlingo.com/acronyms.php




(E?)(L?) http://www.nostalgie.fr/artistes/sos-band

SOS Band


(E?)(L?) http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014/07/sos-mayday/

The origins of "SOS" and "Mayday"

"S.O.S" became the worldwide standard distress signal (particularly in maritime use) on 1 July 1908, having first been adopted by the German government three years earlier. It has since entered the awareness of those who are unlikely ever to summon help at sea – appearing in contexts as varied as the title of songs by ABBA, Rihanna, and the Jonas Brothers, and the home renovation TV programme DIY SOS.

The origin of S.O.S.

Various theories have arisen regarding the origins of "S.O.S.", with suggestions that it is an initialism for "save our ship", "save our souls", or "send out succour". Given its German origins, it would be surprising if "S.O.S." stood for an English expression – and in fact these are all examples of folk etymology. "S.O.S." doesn’t stand for anything but was chosen because it is easily transmitted in "Morse" (also known as Morse code), an alphabet named after its inventor "Samuel Morse" in which letters are represented by combinations of long and short light or sound signals. "S.O.S." is transmitted as "· · · – – – · · ·"; that is, "dot-dot-dot, dash-dash-dash, dot-dot-dot".

Within a decade of its standardization, the term "S.O.S." was used outside of radio code signals, in the transferred sense of "an urgent message or appeal for help", and has also been used as an abbreviation for various informal phrases beginning same old ("same old stuff", "same old story", etc.).

"Mayday"
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.pourquois.com/physique_chimie/pourquoi-sos-crash-t-ete-invente.html

Pourquoi le "SOS crash" à t-il été inventé?


(E?)(L?) http://www.pourquois.com/societe/pourquoi-tampon-sos-eu-tant-succes.html

Pourquoi le "tampon SOS" a eu tant de succès?


(E?)(L?) http://www.pourquois.com/expressions_langage/pourquoi-envoie-sos.html

Pourquoi envoie-t-on un 'S.O.S.' ?


(E?)(L?) http://www.saveoursquirrels.org.uk/

What is "Save our Squirrels" ("SOS")?

Save our Squirrels is the largest single-species conservation project taking place in the UK at present. Launched in July 2006, the project has the remit to deliver red squirrel conservation, information, and access projects in Northumberland, Cumbria, North Yorkshire, and North Merseyside.
...


(E?)(L?) https://www.sos-kinderdoerfer.de/

Wir sind auf allen Kontinenten für Kinder in Not aktiv. Mit 571 Kinderdörfern weltweit.


(E?)(L?) http://www.sosstorch.ch/

S.O.S. Storch


(E?)(L?) https://www.swr3.de/musik/lyrix/-/id=47416/did=161226/jc0yiw/index.html

Dr. Bombay: S.O.S. (the tiger took my family)


(E?)(L?) http://etymologie.tantalosz.de/

SOS


(E?)(L?) http://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/SOS

"SOS": Show all (231)

Acronym - Definition


(E?)(L1) http://www.top40db.net/Find/Songs.asp?By=Year&ID=1975

1975: S.O.S. - by ABBA


(E?)(L1) http://www.top40db.net/Find/Songs.asp?By=Year&ID=1980

1980: Take Your Time (Do It Right) - by The S.O.S. Band


(E?)(L1) http://www.top40db.net/Find/Songs.asp?By=Year&ID=2006

2006: SOS - by Rihanna


(E?)(L1) http://www.top40db.net/Find/Songs.asp?By=Year&ID=2007

2007: S.O.S. - by Jonas Brothers


(E?)(L?) http://www.cs.tut.fi/tlt/stuff/misc/babel.html

"SOS"


(E?)(L?) http://www.tv-kult.de/index.php?site=sendungen&m=SS




(E?)(L?) http://www.typografie.info/3/artikel.htm/wissen/apple-emoji-symbole

SOS im Quadrat - Squared SOS

SOS im Quadrat - Squared SOS


(E?)(L?) https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/SOS

SOS Marketing: Musik und Unterhaltung: Sós ist der Name von Siehe auch:


(E?)(L?) http://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/site/sos/

SOS

Dave Wilton, Sunday, March 25, 2007

"SOS" was chosen as the universal distress signal by the International Radio Telegraph Convention of July 1908 because this combination of three dots followed by three dashes followed by three dots ("...---..."), was easy to send and easily recognized, especially since they were usually sent as a nine-character signal, which stood out against the background of three-character Morse Code letters. The letters themselves are meaningless. From John A. Fleming’s 1910 second edition of The Principles of Electric Wave Telegraphy:

This signal, "S,O,S", has superseded the Marconi Company’s original high sea cry for help, which was "C,Q,D".

SOS is another “word” with a false acronymic origin. "SOS" does not stand for "Save Our Souls", "Save Our Ship", "Stop Other Signals", "Sure Of Sinking", or any other phrase. The first recorded mention of the false acronymic origin is in reference to the Titanic sinking of 1912, which may account for the wide spread and endurance of the myth. From the New York Times of 16 April 1912, a misstatement by a man who should have known better:

“I don’t know the name of the wireless operator aboard the Titanic, but he probably used ‘S.O.S.,’ ‘C.Q.D.,” and everything else he could think of.”

“Yes," [Marconi] went on in answer to a question, “the ‘C.Q.D.’ was the old Marconi code call for a ship in distress, but the later signal was substituted in the international code. The ‘C.Q.’ was the call for all stations to attend, and the ‘D.’ was danger. The ‘S.O.S.,’ the operators say, means ‘Save our souls.’”

Not only was Marconi wrong about the meaning of "SOS", but the "D" in "CQD" is not documented to stand for "danger", "distress" or anything else either.

(Source: Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Edition; Proquest Historical New York Times)


(E?)(L?) http://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/site/comments/book_review_i_love_it_when_you_talk_retro/

##Keyes writes, “the 1912 sinking of the Titanic, whose telegraph operator kept signaling ‘SOS! SOS’ in vain, seared the acronym in the public mind.” While he is correct that the sinking of the Titanic made SOS famous, Keyes account is fanciful. The majority of the distress calls sent by the Titanic used the older CQD signal. And the efforts of the Titanic’s radio operators (there were two, not one) were not in vain. From the time the ship hit the iceberg and started to sink until power went out in the radio room several hours later, the radio operators were in constant communication with the numerous ships on the way to the rescue. Had it not been for the radio operators, many more would have died. It may seem like nitpicking, but it isn’t. Credibility requires that the facts of the story be reported accurately.


(E?)(L?) http://www.worldwidewords.org/nl/gfqv.htm

ISSUE 712 Saturday 13 November 2010

...
2. Weird Words: "Backronym"

A "backronym" (sometimes "bacronym") is a "reverse acronym". To create one, you take a word that isn't an acronym and turn it into one.

Some "backronyms" are designed as "mnemonics". A classic example is the "Apgar" score for testing the health of newborns. It was named after the American physician "Virginia Apgar" but to help student doctors and nurses remember the system, it has been changed to the acronym "Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, and Respiration". Similarly, the US "Amber" Alert programme is said to mean "America's Missing: Broadcast Emergency Response", though it was actually named after a missing child, "Amber Hagerman".

Backronyms are frequently humorous - Microsoft's "Bing", some quip, is actually an acronym for "Because It's Not Google"; world-weary sailors say "navy" really means "Never Again Volunteer Yourself". Many of this type are actually reinterpreted acronyms, included by courtesy in the backronym collection because nobody has yet come up with a different "-nym" for them. For example, "NTSC", the American television standard, became "Never Twice the Same Colour".

Others are folk etymology: Meredith Williams, in an entry to a competition in The Washington Post on 8 November 1983, seems to have coined "bacronym", as a portmanteau of "back" and "acronym". Previously, lexicographer Ben Zimmer tells me, the form was called, somewhat cumbersomely, a "prefabricated acronym" or a "reverse acronym". "Backronym" was popularised in July 1994 by another contest, in New Scientist, though "backronym" was then said to be a reinterpreted acronym, neither the original nor the current principal sense.
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.yourdictionary.com/s-o-s

s.o.s.


(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=8&content=SOS
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "SOS" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1790 auf.

(E?)(L?) http://corpora.informatik.uni-leipzig.de/


(E?)(L?) http://www.wordmap.co/#SOS

This experiment brings together the power of Google Translate and the collective knowledge of Wikipedia to put into context the relationship between language and geographical space.


Erstellt: 2017-05

T

trendmicro
Viren-Uebersichtskarte (weltweit)
Virus-Encyclopedia
Virus-Glossary

(E?)(L?) http://www.trendmicro.com/


(E?)(L?) http://www.trendmicro.com/vinfo/virusencyclo/


(E?)(L?) http://about-threats.trendmicro.com/us/glossary/all

ActiveX controls | Address Bar Spoofing | Adware | Affected file type | Affected software | Aliases | Backdoor | Boot sector viruses | Browser Helper Objects | Compression | Computers infected/detected since (date) | Damage Cleanup Template / Engine | Damage potential | Date of origin | Denial of service | Description | Destructive threat | Dialers | Discovery date | Distributed Denial of Service | Distribution Potential | Dropped detection | Droppers | ELF | Encryption | End User License Agreement (EULA) | | Exploit | File infecting viruses | Form within Email | Grayware | Grayware size | Hacking tools | In-the-wild | Infection Channel | Information exposure | Java applets | Joke programs | Keyloggers | Kits | Language | Macro viruses | Malware | Malware Advisories | Malware Related [Trojan/Spyware] | Malware size | Malware-related hoaxes | Memory-residency | Multi-partite viruses | NE | Network firewall | Network topology | Network viruses | NSLookup | Password | Password cracking applications | Pattern file | Pattern release date | Payload | PE | Place of origin | Polymorphic viruses | Pop-up window | Port | Proof-of-concept | Proxy server | Rate of infection/detection | Related threats | Remote Access Programs | Reported infections/detections | Risk rating | Scams and shams | Scan engine | Script malware | Security Advisories | Solution | Spyware | Spyware patterns | Stealer | Symptoms | System impact | Technical details | Threat | Time period | Top 10 countries | Trigger | Trojan | Urban legends | URL Cloaking | US-CERT | Virus Map | Virus patterns | Virus Types | Visible link | Visited Link | Vulnerability | Vulnerability identifier | Web site Spoofing | Worm


U

UNO (W3)

(E3)(L1) http://www.hanisauland.de/info/allebegriffe.html

...
Nach den schlimmen Erfahrungen im Zweiten Weltkrieg wurde 1945 die "United Nations Organization" (auf Deutsch "Vereinte Nationen", abgekürzt "UNO" oder "VN" ("Vereinte Nationen")) mit Sitz in New York gegründet. Man wollte verhindern, dass sich solche Weltkriege wiederholen. Heute sind fast alle Staaten der Erde in der UNO. Wenn es Probleme zwischen Staaten gibt, versucht die UNO zu vermitteln und damit einen Krieg zu verhindern. Die Ziele der UNO sind: die Erhaltung des Weltfriedens und die internationale Sicherheit, die freundschaftliche Zusammenarbeit der Mitglieder sowie der Schutz der Menschenrechte. Die UNO hat viele Unterorganisationen gegründet. Eine davon ist das Weltkinderhilfswerk UNICEF, das sich um Kinder in der ganzen Welt kümmert.
...


UNSC (W3)

"UNSC" steht für "UN Security Council" = "UN Sicherheitsrat".

(E?)(L?) http://www.un.org/sc/


V

W

wildlist
The WildList Organization International
How Scientific Naming Works
Naming Problems in the WildList
Virus names
Computer-Virus-Names
Computer-Viren-Namen
Wie kommen Computer-Viren zu ihrem Namen?

(E6)(L2) http://www.wildlist.org/

the world's premier source of information on which viruses are spreading In the Wild. But don't take our word for it. Read what PC Magazine, MSNBC and others have to say about us here.
Names, names, names. How are viruses named? Which name is the 'correct' names? Read 'How Scientific Naming Works' by Joe Wells.

Reporters | WildList | Papers | In the Wild Virus Descriptions | Frequently Asked Questions | Report a Virus Incident | Product Testing | Research | About Us | In the News | Our Code of Conduct | Search | Tell us what you think


(E?)(L?) http://www.wildlist.org/naming.htm


(E6)(L?) http://reviews.cnet.com/4520-3513_7-5021432-1.html

Why virus names should be much, much simpler
Because the antivirus community can't decide what to name variants of the Yaha virus, your computer is more likely to be vulnerable to this threat. Sound unfair? It is. But Robert Vamosi has a way to solve this problem.

By Robert Vamosi
Senior associate editor, CNET Reviews
(1/8/03)

What's in a name? When it comes to viruses, plenty. A virus's full name is carefully constructed so that those of us who keep track of such things will know exactly which virus "family" it belongs to or whether it's a variant of an existing virus. The name also serves as a way for us to keep track of all the threats out there and make sure we download the necessary signature file updates for our antivirus software.
...


(E3)(L1) http://www.wildlist.org/WildList/
Eine wirklich wissenschaftliche Namensgebung gibt es anscheinend nicht. Oftmals wird der Name vom ersten Entdecker vergeben. Oder aber es setzt sich die Namensgebung einer Anti-Viren-Software durch (die in der Regel eine grosse Marktdurchdringung hat).


...
Assume there is a new virus. F-Prot calls it "foo.a", IBMAV called it "FBAR", scan calls it "foobar.d", and Findvirus called it "foo.mp.b". Who's right? No one is. Different doesn't mean "wrong." The bottom line is that it's just one virus, regardless of what they call it.
...


In der "WildList" findet man Viren(-Namen) seit 1993.

In dem Artikel wird immer wieder auf CARO (Computer Antivirus Researcher's Organization) verwiesen. Diese Organisation scheint so etwas wie die Registrierungs- und Namensgebungs-Stelle für Computer-Viren zu sein. Allerdings konnte ich keinen Link zu dieser Organisation finden.

Bei "CNET" findet man einen Artikel, dem man folgenden Hinweis entnehmen kann:

...
They follow what's called the "Computer Antivirus Researcher's Organization" ("CARO") naming convention, first adopted in 1991. The CARO naming convention was created by virus researchers Fridrik Skulason, Alan Solomon, and Vesselin Bontchev and uses a modular construction. While formal virus names may not always have all the components listed below, the components must be listed in the following order, usually separated by dots.
They are:
Group_Name: This is the original virus's name, sometimes found within the viral code.
Major_Variant: This designates a virus variant that is clearly distinct from other strains. It is often designated by a letter. For example, the worm LoveLetter is distinct from LoveLetter.A, LoveLetter.B, and LoveLetter.C.
Minor_Variant: This component designates a slight difference between viruses. It is sometimes a number that indicates the file size of the virus. For example, FunLove.4099 is a virus that is 4,099KB.
Some antivirus vendors have modified the CARO convention to include a prefix that identifies platform (W32 for Windows 32-bit systems, Linux, Mac) and a suffix (@mm) that identifies it as a mass mailer. Thus, a virus named W32.Klez.H@mm is the eighth variant of the Klez family, affects 32-bit Windows systems, and happens to be a mass mailer as well.
...


(E3)(L1) http://www.virusbtn.com/resources/vgrep/
Und bei "Virus Bulletin" findet man eine Datenbank, in der die unterschiedlichen Namen für die selben Computer-Viren gesammelt und gegenübergestellt werden. Die Anbiterfirmen scheinen jedoch nicht allzu mitteilsam zu sein; bei vielen Einträgen erscheint noch "[undetected]". (Geben Sie z.B. "ABC" in das Suchfeld ein.)
Berücksichtigt werden dabei die Bezeichnungen verschiedener Hersteller von Anti-Viren-Software.


Search by Vendor: Any | ALWIL | H+BEDV | GRISoft | Kaspersky Lab | SOFTWIN | Dialogue Science | Frisk Software | McAfee | IKARUS | MKS | Symantec | ESET | Norman | Panda | Trend Micro | GeCAD RAV | Sophos | CA VET | CA InoculateIT | VirusBuster


Anyone who has had any experience of the anti-virus world will know that a single virus can have several different names - anti-virus vendors are not obliged to conform to any naming conventions, nor do they tend to do so.

VGrep is a system designed to help clear up some of the confusion surrounding the naming of viruses. It works by running scanners across a large collection of virus-infected files, and parsing their output into a simple text database.


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