Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
@m Amerika, América, Amérique, America, America
Ismus, Ismo, Isme, Ismo, Ism

Amerikanismen, Américanismes, Americanisms

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Indianische Lehnwörter

Am 22.12.2004 erhielt ich die Frage


welche Wörter aus der deutschen Sprache indianischer Herkunft sind. Eins habe ich schon gefunden: "muk" aus der inuiten Sprache und bedeutet "Stille". ...


Die folgenden Begriffe sind ein paar Beispiele, die ich gefunden habe:

Hängematte | Haiti | Kanada | Kautschuk | "muk" = "Stille" (ist mir im Deutschen jedoch unbekannt)

indianische Wörter

Viele indianische Worte sind aus verschiedenen Sprachen der amerikanischen Ureinwohner:

infoplease
American Indian Loan Words

(E?)(L?) http://www.infoplease.com/spot/aihmwords1.html
Some U.S. English Words with Indian Origins:

Am 03.09.2004 waren folgende Begriffe mit kurzen Hinweisen aufgeführt:

anorak | bayou | chipmunk | hickory | hominy | igloo | kayak | moccasin | moose | papoose | pecan | powwow | quahog | squash | succotash | tepee | toboggan | tomahawk | totem | wampum | wigwam

infoplease
American Indian Place Names

(E?)(L?) http://www.infoplease.com/spot/aihmnames1.html
Hier findet man einige Hinweise zur Herkunft US-amerikanischer Bundesstaaten (jeweils mit Links versehen):

Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Chesapeake (bay) | Connecticut | Illinois | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi (state and river) | Malibu (California) | Milwaukee (Wisconsin) | Missouri | Nebraska | Niagara (falls) | Ohio | Oklahoma | oanoke (Virginia) | Saratoga (New York) | Sunapee (lake in New Hampshire) | Tahoe (lake in California/Nevada) | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Wisconsin | Wyoming

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krysstal
The English Language
Words Borrowed from Other Languages
Indianische Wörter im Englischen

(E?)(L1) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_algonquin.html

Algonquin: A member of the Algonquian family of language spoken in North America.
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caribou | caucus | Massachusetts | Missouri | moccasins | Oregon | pecan | racoon | terrapin | tomahawk | wigwam | Wisconsin | Wyoming
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(E?)(L1) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_arawak.html

Arawak is an Andean-Equatorial language spoken in coastal Colombia and the Caribbean.
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cacique | iguana | tobacco
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_carib.html

Carib is a language spoken in northern South America and the Caribbean. It belongs to the Carib family.
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barbecue | cannibal | canoe | caiman | Jamaica | macaw | maize | manatee | papaya | yucca
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_cherokee.html

Cherokee is an Iroquoian language spoken in North America.
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Sequoia
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_choctaw.html

Choctaw is a Algonquian language spoken in North America.
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Alabama | Oklahoma
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_cree.html

Cree is an Algonquian language spoken in North America.
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chipmunk | Michigan | moose | opossum | pow wow | Saskatchewan | skunk | squash | squaw | Winnipeg
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_cuna.html

Cuna is a Macro-Chibchan language spoken along the Atlantic coast of Panama.
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Panama
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_iroquois.html

Iroquois is a language spoken in North America.
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Canada | Kentucky | Ohio
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_miami.html

Miami is a language spoken in North America.
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Illinois
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_micmac.html

Micmac is an Algonquian language spoken in North America.
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toboggan
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_mohican.html

Mohican is an Algonquian language spoken in North America.
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Connecticut
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_nahuatl.html

Nahuatl is an Uto-Aztecan language spoken in Mexico and Central America.
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avocado | chocolate | chilli | coyote | guacamole | Guatemala | Mexico | ocelot | shack | tomato
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_navajo.html

Navajo is an Athapascan language spoken in North America. It is also spelt Navaho.
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Utah
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_ojibwa.html

Ojibwa is an Algonquian language spoken in North America.
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Mississippi | Ottawa | totem
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_omaha.html

Omaha is a language spoken in North America.
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Nebraska
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_papago.html

Papago is an Uto-Aztecan language spoken in North America.
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Arizona
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_potawatomi.html

Potawatomi is an Algonquian language spoken in North America.
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_shoshone.html

Shoshone is a language spoken in North America.
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Idaho
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_sioux.html

Sioux is an Iroquoian language spoken in North America. It is also known as Dakota.
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Dakota | Kansas | Minnesota | tepee
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(E?)(L?) http://www.krysstal.com/borrow_tupi.html

Tupi is an Andean-Equatorial language spoken in the Peruvian and Brazilian Amazon.
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buccaneer | cashew | cayenne | coati | manioc | maraca | petunia | piranha | tanager | tapioca | tapir
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takeourword
List of some English words derived from Native American languages

(E1)(L1) http://www.takeourword.com/et_n-p.html
"moccasin", "tepee", state names "Minnesota", "Texas", "Ohio", "Massachusetts", (North and South) "Dakota", "Seattle", "Skunk", Canoe", "Shack", "Tobacco"

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Uni Toronto
mots français d'origine non-latine
§ 30. -- Langues américaines

(E1)(L1) http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/epc/langueXIX/dg/08_t1-2.htm
Das zweite Kapitel des "Dictionnaire général (1890-1900)" enthält eine 93 Seiten lange Liste von nicht-lateinischen französischen Fremdwörtern.
Darin werden Begriffe gelistet, die aus anderen Sprachen in die französische Sprache eingegangen sind. Viele dieser Begriffe sind auch ins Deutsche oder Englische aufgenommen worden. (Dabei kann die Schreibweise in den Empfängersprachen durchaus variieren.)
Ich habe die entsprechenden Abschnitte und die zugehörigen Kommentare des Anhangs als "Ismen" den jeweiligen Herkunftsländern / -kontinenten zugeordnet.

§ 30. -- Langues américaines.

Les langues indigènes de l'Amérique nous ont donné beaucoup plus de mots que celles de l'Afrique, et cela s'explique : on sait en effet que la civilisation vient à peine d'entamer le continent noir, tandis que depuis quatre siècles le nouveau monde, découvert par Christophe Colomb, a été exploré, colonisé et exploité à l'envi par toutes les nations européenes. Beaucoup de mots d'origine américaine nous sont venus par l'intermédiaire de l'espagnol, et même tel mot espagnol, comme chinche par exemple, n'est enregistré dans les dictionnaires français que comme nom d'un objet, d'un produit américain. On ne relèvera ici que les mots qui paraissent réellement appartenir aux idiomes indigènes de l'Amérique.

Liste des mots d'origine américaine

acajou | agami | agouti | aï (paresseux) | ajoupa | alpaca | ananas | ara | aralia | avocat (fruit) | boucan | cabiai | cacao | cacique | caïman | canot | caouane (162) | caracara | caragne | carbet | caribou | cassave | chocolat | coati | cobaye | colibri | condor | copal | copayer | cotinga | cougouar | coumarou | coumier | curare | gaïac | goyave | guano | hamac | hévée | icaque | igname | iguane | ipécacuana | jaguar | kamichi | karata | kinkajou | lama (quadrupède) | lamantin | maïs | mammée | manioc | manitou | margay | maringouin | maté | nopal | ocelot | ouistiti | paca | pagaie | palissandre | quinquina | papaye | patate | pécari | pétun | pian | pirogue | pite | ratanhia | rocou | sapajou | sapote | sarigue | simarouba | tamandua | tamanoir | tamarin (singe) | tangara | tapioca | tapir | tapirer | tatou | tomahawk | tomate | toucan | unau | vigogne | yucca (163).

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wikipedia
List of English words of Native American origin

(E?)(L?) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_words_of_Native_American_origin
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This is a list of English language words of Native American language origin.
tomato | tomahawk | skunk | squash | wampum | succotash | pecan | abalone | alpaca | baidarka | cannibal | canoe | cheechako | chocolate | cocaine | coyote | hooch | hurricane | igloo | jaguar | kayak | moccasin | moose | ocelot | potato | racoon | squaw | tomato | wigwam

wikipedia
Taino Words

(E?)(L?) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ta%EDnos
Columbus and his crew, landing in the Bahamas on October 12th, 1492 were the first Europeans to encouter the Taino People.
The Taíno spoke a form of Arawak and used the words: "barbecue", "hammock", "canoe", and "tabaco" which have been incorporated into the English and Spanish languages.

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zompist
Words in English from Amerindian Languages
Amerindian words in English
Mots anglais d'origine amérindienne

(E?)(L?) http://www.zompist.com/indianwd.html

Compiled by Mark Rosenfelder. This list may seem exhaustive, but it's not - the OED lists a few hundred more words. But they're pretty obscure.

abalone | achiote | agouti | alpaca | annatto | anorak | atlatl | avocado | axolotl | bayou | cacique | cacomistle | caiman | cannibal | canoe | capybara | caribou | carnauba [wax] | cassava | cashew | caucho | caucus | cavy | cayenne | chocolate | chayote | cherimoya | chigger | chile, chili | chinchilla | chipmunk | chunkey [game] | cigar | coati | coca | cocoa, cacao | coho [salmon] | condor | copal | cougar | coyote | coypu | curare | dory | enchilada | Great Spirit | grouper [fish] | guacamole | guano | guacharo | guarana | gaucho | guava | guanaco | hammock | high muckamuck | hickory | hoatzin | hogan | hominy | how [greeting] | hurricane | husky [dog] | igloo | iguana | Inca | ipecac | jacana | jackaranda | jaguar | jerky | jicama | kachina | kayak | kiva | lagniappe | lima [bean] | llama | macaw | maguey | mahogany | maize | malamute | mangrove | manioc | maraca | maté | mescal | mesquite | moccasin | mole | moose | mugwump | mukluk | muktuk | muskrat | ocelot | opossum | papaya | paca | pampa | papoose | parka | pawpaw | pecan | peccary | pekan | pemmican | persimmon | petunia | peyote | piranha | pirogue | poncho | pone | potato | powwow | pulque | puma | pung [work sled] | quahog | quetzal | quipu | quinoa | quinine | raccoon | sachem | saguaro | samp | sapodilla | sasquatch | savannah | seapoose [riptide] | scuppernong | shack | shark | skunk | squash | squaw | sockeye [salmon] | sofkee | succotash | tamale | tamandua | tamarack | tamarin [monkey] | tanager | Tanis | tapioca | tapir | teocalli | teosinte | tepee | terrapin | tinamou | tobacco | tomahawk | toboggan | totem | tomato | tonka [bean] | toucan | umiak | vicuña | wampum | wapiti | wickiup | wigwam | | woodchuck | yautia | yucca


Bücher zur Kategorie:

Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
@m Amerika, América, Amérique, America, America
Amerikanismen, Américanismes, Americanisms

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Lokotsch, Karl
Etymologisches Wörterbuch der amerikanischen (indianischen) Wörter im Deutschen

(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.ca/exec/obidos/ASIN/3825305112/etymologporta-20


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.de/exec/obidos/ASIN/3825305112/etymologety0f-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.fr/exec/obidos/ASIN/3825305112/etymologetymo-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.co.uk/exec/obidos/ASIN/3825305112/etymologety0d-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/3825305112/etymologpor09-20
Broschiert - 72 Seiten - Universitätsverlag Winter
Erscheinungsdatum: 1926
ISBN: 3825305112

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