Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
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Etymologische Verwandtschaften, Bekanntschaften und Assoziationen


-ambi- (W3)

Das vorwiegend als Präfix auftretende "-ambi-" bedeutet dt. "gegen", "auf zwei Seiten".



"And some people fall smack in the middle of the "introvert" / "extrovert" spectrum, and we call these people "ambiverts". And I often think that they have the best of all worlds." —Susan Cain, "The power of introverts," TED, March 2012.

An "ambivert" is someone with both "introvert" and an "extrovert" characteristics.

The word "ambivert" comes from "ambiversion", which was coined by sociologist Kimball Young in 1927. The prefix "ambi-" means "on both sides", and also gives us words like "ambiguous", "ambivalent", and "ambidextrous". The ideas of introversion and extroversion in psychology were introduced by C.G. Jung in 1918.



Erstellt: 2017-03

ambiguous (W3)

Engl. "ambiguous", "ambiguously" = dt. "doppeldeutig", "zweideutig", "viledeutig", "mehrdeutig", "mißverständlich", "unklar".

Der erste Teil "ambi-" basiert auf lat. "ambo" = dt. "beide", "beide zusammen", "beide Seiten betreffend", "doppelt", "beidseitig", "gegensätzlich", "um", "herum", "ringsum", "allseitig", "verschieden" (verwandt mit dt. "bei"). Lat. "ambo" findet man auch in engl. "amphibian" und "ambidextrous".

Der zweite Teil "-guous", die auf lat. "agere" = dt. "in Bewegung setzen", "führen", "lenken", "hetzen", "jagen", "treiben", "antreiben", "vertreiben", "ausführen", "betreiben", "ein Geschäft betreiben", "Theater aufführen", "eine Rolle spielen", "ausdrücken", "verbringen", "verleben", "handeln", "eine Angelegenheiten verhandeln", "tätig sein", "wirksam sein", "verhandeln", "verfahren", "gerichtlich klagen", "sich aufhalten", "sich befinden" (vgl. dt. "agieren", 14. Jh.), (lat. "ambigere" = dt. "schwanken", "unschlüssig sein", "diskutieren", "streiten", "bezweifeln", "bestreiten", "umhergehen".)

Zusammen ergibt sich für engl. "ambiguous" etwa die wörtliche Bedeutung dt. "nach zwei Seiten wendend".

Weitere Verwandte von lat. "agere" ("actum") sind:

Als Wurzel zu lat. "agere" wird ide. "*ag-" = dt. "treiben", "ziehen", "bewegen" postuliert.

Zu den Abkömmlingen werden gezählt:



Part of Speech: Adjective


Notes: This Good Word has two nouns: "ambiguousness" is the state of being "ambiguous" while "ambiguity" may mean this or "an ambiguous thing" and may be pluralized, as the "ambiguities" of life. Do not confuse this word with "ambivalent" "undecided as to two choices". "Ambiguity" applies to inanimate things and states but only people (well, maybe animals, too) may be "ambivalent" about a choice. (Don't trip on the [uou] vowel cluster at the end of "ambiguous", either.)

In Play: "Ambiguity" occurs when a phrase has two or more possible interpretations:

"When I told Pedro that I shot an elephant in my pajamas, he asked how an elephant got into my pajamas" (thank you, Groucho Marx).

Words like bank and dope that have more than one interpretation are "polysemantic", not "ambiguous".

This sentence is "ambiguous": "Cecily couldn't reach a decision on the boat."

My personal favorite is: "Storewide sale: Dresses half off."

Word History:

"Ambiguous" is a light English make-over of Latin "ambiguus" "uncertain", from the verb "ambigere" "to wander around", "meander", based on "amb-", "ambi-" "around" + "agere" "to drive", "lead".

The root "ag-" is found in many words, such as the English Latinate borrowings "agent" and "coagulate". The past participle of "agere" is "actus", the root of which we see in "act", "action", and many others.

If you think you still don't know "squat" about this root, you are barking up the right tree for "squat" comes from Old French "esquatir" "to crush". This verb derived from Latin "ex" "out" + "quatir" "to press flat". "Quatir", in turn, was originally spoken Latin "coactire", which comes from "coactus", the past participle of "cogere" "to compress". Finally, this verb comprises "co" "together" + our old friend "agere" "to drive", "lead". How is that for an etymological journey? (It is a journey for which we "unambiguously" thank Donna Coffield, the thoughtful reader who sent us forth on it.)


"Ambiguous" - Doubtful or uncertain, particularly in respect to signification; capable of being understood in either of two or more possible senses; equivocal; as, an ambiguous course; an ambiguous expression.

"Ambiguously" - In an ambiguous manner; with doubtful meaning.

"Ambiguousness" - Ambiguity

"unambiguous" - having or exhibiting a single clearly defined meaning; "As a horror, absolutely unambiguous"- Mario Vargas Llosa

"unambiguously" - so as to be unique; "he could determine uniquely the properties of the compound"


1520-30; - Latin "ambiguus", equivalent to "ambig(ere)" "be uncertain" ("amb-", "ambi-" + "-igere" combining form of "agere" "to drive", "lead", "act") + "-uus" deverbal adj. suffix; see "-ous"


ambiguous (adj.)

1520s, from Latin "ambiguus" "having double meaning", "shifting", "changeable", "doubtful", adjective derived from "ambigere" "to dispute about", "contend", "debate", literally "to wander", "go about", "go around", figuratively "hesitate", "waver", "be in doubt", from "ambi-" "about" (from PIE root "*ambhi-" "around") + "agere" "drive", "lead", "act" (from PIE root "*ag-" "to drive", "draw out or forth", "move"). First attested in Sir Thomas More (1528); related "ambiguity" dates to c. 1400. Related: "Ambiguously"; "ambiguousness".


unambiguous (adj.)

1630s, from "un-" (1) "not" + "ambiguous". Related: "Unambiguously"; "unambiguousness".


Latin "amb-", "about", "around", combined with "agere", "to drive", formed "ambigere", literally, "to drive around", "to waver". Out of this word grew the Latin "ambiguus", "hesitating", "uncertain". English borrowed it as "ambiguous", with the meaning "equivocal", "capable of being understood in either of two or more possible senses", "vague".


Dating to the 16th century, "ambiguous" is quite a bit older than "ambivalent", which appears to have entered English in the jargon of early 20th-century psychologists. Both words are in some fashion concerned with duality: "ambivalent" relates to multiple and contradictory feelings, whereas "ambiguous" often describes something with several possible meanings that create uncertainty.

The words’ etymologies offer some help in distinguishing between them. Their shared prefix, "ambi-", means "both". The "-valent" in "ambivalent" comes from the Late Latin "valentia" ("power") and, in combination with "ambi-", suggests the pull of two different emotions. The "-guous" in "ambiguous", on the other hand, comes ultimately from Latin "agere" ("to drive", "to lead"); paired with "ambi-", it suggests "movement in two directions at once", and hence, a "wavering" or "uncertainty".


"ambiguous", adjective


Word of the Day: "ambiguous", adjective

By The Learning Network April 15, 2013 12:04 am

April 15, 2013 12:04 am The word ambiguous has appeared in 1,140 New York Times articles in the past year, including yesterday in the Sunday Review piece “What the Brain Can Tell Us About Art” by Eric R. Kandel:


Limericks on "ambiguous"


Limericks on "ambiguously"


Limericks on "ambiguousness"


"ambiguous message"

Definition: "an unclear message"
"ambiguous" = "doppeldeutig", "zweideutig", "mehrdeutig", "vieldeutig", "unklar", "verschwommen"
From Latin "ambiguus", "uncertain", from "ambigere", "to go about" : "amb-", "ambi-", "around"



Definition: "completely clear and understandable"

"unambiguous" = "eindeutig", "unzweideutig"
"Unambiguous" is formed from "un" ("not") and "ambiguous" ("unclear"). "Ambiguous" stems from the Latin "ambiguus" ("to have a double meaning", "to be in doubt" or "always changing"), which in turn derives from the verb "ambigere", meaning "to drive to both sides" or "to be unsure" ("amb" = "around", "to both sides" + "agere" = "to drive", "to act").



Definition: completely clear and understandable
"Unambiguous" is formed from "un" ("not") and "ambiguous" ("unclear"). "Ambiguous" stems from the Latin "ambiguus" ("to have a double meaning", "to be in doubt or always changing"), which in turn derives from the verb "ambigere", meaning "to drive to both sides" or "to be unsure" ("amb" = "around", "to both sides" + "agere" = "to drive", "to act").


Root, Prefix or Suffix: "ag", "agi", "ig", "act"

Meaning: "do", "move", "go"

Examples: "agent", "agenda", "agitate", "navigate", "ambiguous", "action"


"ambiguous", synonym for "bisexual" - See "bisexual" for synonyms.


ambiguous gender


Ambiguous vs. Ambivalent

Commonly Confused Words

The adjectives ambiguous and ambivalent both involve a degree of uncertainty, but the two words are not interchangeable.


The adjective "ambiguous" means doubtful or unclear, open to more than one interpretation.

The adjective "ambivalent" means holding opposing attitudes or feelings toward a person, object, or idea.


Root or Prefix: "ambi"

Meaning: "both"

Example Words: "ambidextrous", "ambivalent", "ambiguous", "ambient"


Friday, October 6th


Both Sides Now Word of the Day:

"Ambi-" may clue you up that his word has got something to do with the idea of "two" or "both" (as in "amphibian", "ambidextrous"). The "-guous" part is a bit of a "red herring" because most words related to Latin "agere", "drive", have the ending "-gate" in English. The literal upshot, "drive both ways", gave rise to the more common meaning today: "subject to more than one interpretation".




ambiguous (adjective)


"manbiguous", adj.: This blend of "man" + "ambiguous" describes a man whose sexual orientation is in question.



They both mean vague or capable of multiple meanings and interpretations, but "ambiguous" connotes no information about intent. An "ambiguous statement" can be accidental or intentional, while "equivocal" connotes that the statement is intended to be vague. Because of his bad handwriting, Vinnie’s message was ambiguous. Vinnie’s statement to the grand jury was "equivocal".

Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "ambiguous" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1570 auf.


Erstellt: 2018-03


Words with -ambi-


Search results

Word		Meaning
ambiance		the atmosphere of an environment
Ambidexter	Using both hands with equal ease.
Ambidexterity	The quality of being ambidextrous; the faculty of using both hands with equal facility.
Ambidextral	Pertaining equally to the right-hand side and the left-hand side.
Ambidextrous	Having the faculty of using both hands with equal ease.
Ambidextrously	In an ambidextrous manner; cunningly.
Ambidextrousness	The quality of being ambidextrous; ambidexterity.
ambience		the atmosphere of an environment
Ambient		Encompassing on all sides; circumfused; investing.
Ambigenous	Of two kinds.
Ambigu		An entertainment at which a medley of dishes is set on at the same time.
Ambiguities	of Ambiguity
Ambiguity	The quality or state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty, particularly as to the signification of language, arising from its admitting of more than one meaning; an equivocal word or expression.
Ambilevous	Left-handed on both sides; clumsy; -- opposed to ambidexter.
Ambiloquy	Doubtful or ambiguous language.
Ambiparous	Characterized by containing the rudiments of both flowers and leaves; -- applied to a bud.
Ambit		Circuit or compass.
Ambition		The act of going about to solicit or obtain an office, or any other object of desire; canvassing.
Ambitionist	One excessively ambitious.
Ambitionless	Devoid of ambition.
Ambitious	Possessing, or controlled by, ambition; greatly or inordinately desirous of power, honor, office, superiority, or distinction.
Ambitiously	In an ambitious manner.
Ambitiousness	The quality of being ambitious; ambition; pretentiousness.
Ambitus		The exterior edge or border of a thing, as the border of a leaf, or the outline of a bivalve shell.
ambivalence	mixed feelings or emotions
ambivalency	mixed feelings or emotions
ambivalent	uncertain or unable to decide about what course to follow; "was ambivalent about having children"
ambiversion	(psychology) a balanced disposition intermediate between extroversion and introversion
ambiversive	intermediate between introversive and extroversive
Bambino		A child or baby; esp., a representation in art of the infant Christ wrapped in swaddling clothes.
Beambird		A small European flycatcher (Muscicapa gricola), so called because it often nests on a beam in a building.
Cambial		Belonging to exchanges in commerce; of exchange.
Cambist		A banker; a money changer or broker; one who deals in bills of exchange, or who is skilled in the science of exchange.
Cambistry	The science of exchange, weight, measures, etc.
Cambium		A series of formative cells lying outside of the wood proper and inside of the inner bark. The growth of new wood takes place in the cambium, which is very soft.
Choliambic	A verse having an iambus in the fifth place, and a spondee in the sixth or last.
Choriambi	of Choriambus
Choriambic	Pertaining to a choriamb.
Circumambiency	The act of surrounding or encompassing.
Circumambient	Surrounding; inclosing or being on all sides; encompassing.
disambiguate	state unambiguously or remove ambiguities from; "Can you disambiguate this statement?"
disambiguation	clarification that follows from the removal of ambiguity
disambiguator	(computer science) a natural language processing application that tries to determine the intended meaning of a word or phrase by examining the linguistic context in which it is used
Dithyrambic	Pertaining to, or resembling, a dithyramb; wild and boisterous.
Escambio		A license formerly required for the making over a bill of exchange to another over sea.
Excambie		To exchange; -- used with reference to transfers of land.
Excambion	Alt. of Excambium
Excambium	Exchange; barter; -- used commonly of lands.
Gallyambic	Consisting of two iambic dimeters catalectic, the last of which lacks the final syllable; -- said of a kind of verse.
Gambia		a narrow republic surrounded by Senegal in West Africa
Gambian		a native or inhabitant of Gambia
Gambier		The inspissated juice of a plant (Uncaria Gambir) growing in Malacca. It is a powerful astringent, and, under the name of Terra Japonica, is used for chewing with the Areca nut, and is exported for tanning and dyeing.
Gambison		A defensive garment formerly in use for the body, made of cloth stuffed and quilted.
Gambist		A performer upon the viola di gamba. See under Viola.
Gambit		A mode of opening the game, in which a pawn is sacrificed to gain an attacking position.
Iambi		of Iambus
Iambic		Consisting of a short syllable followed by a long one, or of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented; as, an iambic foot.
Iambical		Iambic.
Iambically	In a iambic manner; after the manner of iambics.
Iambize		To satirize in iambics; to lampoon.
kitambilla	maroon-purple gooseberry-like fruit of India having tart-sweet purple pulp used especially for preserves
Lambing		of Lamb
Lambis		scorpion shells of shallow tropical waters of the eastern hemisphere
Mocambique	a republic on the eastern coast of Africa on the Mozambique Channel; became independent from Portugal in 1975
Mozambican	a native or inhabitant of Mozambique
Mozambique	a republic on the eastern coast of Africa on the Mozambique Channel; became independent from Portugal in 1975
overambitious	excessively ambitious
Pericambium	A layer of thin-walled young cells in a growing stem, in which layer certain new vessels originate.
Procambium	The young tissue of a fibrovascular bundle before its component cells have begun to be differentiated.
Tupinambis	tejus
Unambiguity	Absence of ambiguity; clearness; perspicuity.
Unambition	The absence of ambition.
unambitious	having little desire for success or achievement
unambitiously	in an unambitious manner; "he does his job, but he works unambitiously"
Zambia		a republic in central Africa; formerly controlled by Great Britain and called Northern Rhodesia until it gained independence within the Commonwealth in 1964
Zambian		a native or inhabitant of Zambia

81 words shown.

Erstellt: 2017-06

Keltische und Etruskische Überraschungen


Keltische und etruskische Überraschungen (April 2017)
Ebenfalls aus dem Keltischen (Gallischen) abgeleitet ist "Amt", und zwar von "ambaktos", "ambiaktos" – "Diener", "Bote", das gallolateinisch als "ambactus" überliefert ist, eigentlich "Herumgeschickter" heißt und sich z. B. auch im Niederländischen als "Ambacht", "Ambachtsman" – "Handwerk", "Handwerker" findet oder im Schweizerischen als "Ammann" – "Vorsteher einer Exekutivbehörde".
Aus: Duden – Das Herkunftswörterbuch. 5. Auflage, Berlin 2014

Erstellt: 2018-01



















Wörter mit -ambi-


153 Wörter

Erstellt: 2017-07