Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
AL Albanien, Albania, Albanie, Albania, Albania
Sprache, Lengua, Langue, Lingua, Language

Amtssprache, Langue Officielle, Official Language:
Albanisch

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albania
Basic Albanian Vocabulary

(E?)(L?) http://www.albania.co.uk/culture/vocab.html

Albanian is an Indo-European language and it represents a separate branch of this family on the basis of its idiosyncrasy.

The existence of Albanians and Albanian language is witnessed in the second century A.D. by the Greek geographer Ptoleme.

The name "Shqiperi" (Albania) replaced the "old" name "Arberi" (or "Arbani") by the end of the XVII century, due to the new historical conditions created, and aimed at giving importance to the connection between the nation notion and the use of the Albanian language, which was by that time called "Shqip".

The first written document of the modern Albanian language is of the year 1462. The first literary book "Meshari" (Gjon Buzuku) was published in 1555, and from that time the Albanian language was greatly elaborated, especially during the period of the Albanian Renaissance, in two main dialects: The literary Albanian language has 36 letters and uses the Latin Alphabet, approved by the National Congress of Manastir in 1908.
The Albanian language is also used (written & spoken) in the parts of the Former Federative Republics of Yugoslavia ( Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia), where ethnic Albanians live.


Albanian (W3)

(E?)(L1) http://www.getty.edu/vow/TGNFullDisplay?find=Albanie&place=&nation=&english=Y&subjectid=7006417

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The official language is "Albanian", which is derived from the ancient Illyrian language.
...


Am 20.08.2010 erhielt ich eine E-Mail mit folgenden Hinweis, in dem die obige Aussage in Frage gestellt wird:


...
..., dass Albanisch mit Armenisch und Griechisch zu einem Zweig der indogermanischen Sprachen zählt, den man als Balkan-Indogermanisch bezeichnen kann.


(E?)(L?) http://www.harrassowitz-verlag.de/pcgi/a.cgi?ausgabe=index&T=1282468485901{haupt_harrassowitz=http://www.harrassowitz-verlag.de/category_371.ahtml?T=1282468485901}

Zeitschrift für Balkanologie

Das Profil der Zeitschrift für Balkanologie, eines der führenden balkanologischen Publikationsorgane, entspricht der am ehemaligen Institut für Balkanologie der Freien Universität Berlin entwickelten und seit 1997 an der Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena fortgeführten Lehr- und Forschungskonzeption, deren Ziel es ist, die Kulturen auf der Balkanhalbinsel in ihren sprachlichen und außersprachlichen Manifestationen ethnien- und sprachfamilienübergreifend, vergleichend und interdisziplinär- integrativ zu untersuchen. Somit auch ein Forum des wissenschaftlichen Diskurses zu Grundsatzfragen der Balkanologie bzw. Südosteuropaforschung, ist es das eigentliche Ziel der Zeitschrift für Balkanologie, möglichst vielfältige, interdisziplinäre und vergleichende Forschungsergebnisse zu Südosteuropa in seiner weitesten, von der Türkei über den eigentlichen Balkanraum bis nach Ungarn reichenden Ausdehnung zu präsentieren. Das Spektrum umfasst Themenbereiche aus der Sprach-, Kultur- und Literaturwissenschaft, Ethnologie, Volkskunde und Folklore. Es erscheinen in ihr Beiträge von Balkanologen und Südosteuropaforschern aus europäischen und außereuropäischen Ländern in deutscher, englischer, französischer, russischer und italienischer Sprache.




(E?)(L?) http://www2.uni-jena.de/philosophie/slawistik/ztsrbalk.htm
Zeitschrift für Balkanologie

(E?)(L?) http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balkanologie


(E?)(L?) http://www.zeitschrift-fuer-balkanologie.de/


Amtssprache von AL
Amtssprache von Albanien

Amtssprache(n) von AL - Albanien ist / sind

Erstellt: 2012-07

Arnaut
Language of AL
Sprache von AL

(E1)(L1) http://www.deiaco.com/~desfayes/?p=12

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Albanians are called "Arnaut" by the Serbs, and "Arnavutluk" by the Turks, from Greek "arneios" = "lamb" which should be taken as a collective name for "sheep", thus: "sheep raisers"; see "Dalmatia", for parallel naming.
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.ethnologue.com/


(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=8&content=Arnaut
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "Arnaut" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1820 auf.

Erstellt: 2011-12

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ethnologue - Languages of / Sprachen von Albania (Europe)

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=AL


ethnologue - Albanian, Gheg - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aln


ethnologue - Albanian, Tosk - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


ethnologue - Arbanasi - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


ethnologue - Armina - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=rup


ethnologue - Aromunian - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=rup


ethnologue - Arumanian - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=rup


ethnologue - Arumun - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=rup


ethnologue - Camerija - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


ethnologue - Elbasan-Tirana - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aln


ethnologue - Geg - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aln


ethnologue - Gheg - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aln


ethnologue - Greek - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ell


ethnologue - Guegue - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aln


ethnologue - Korca - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


ethnologue - Kosove - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aln


ethnologue - Macedonian - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=mkd


ethnologue - Macedonian Slavic - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=mkd


ethnologue - Macedo-Rumanian - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=rup


ethnologue - Mandrica - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aln


ethnologue - Montenegrin - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=srp


ethnologue - Romani, Vlax - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=rmy


ethnologue - Romanian, Macedo - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=rup


ethnologue - Scutari - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aln


ethnologue - Serbian - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=srp


ethnologue - Ship - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aln


ethnologue - Shkip - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


ethnologue - Shopni - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aln


ethnologue - Shqiperë - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


ethnologue - Skchip - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


ethnologue - Slavic - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=mkd


ethnologue - Southern Vlax Romani - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=rmy


ethnologue - Srem - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


ethnologue - Syrmia - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


ethnologue - Tosk - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


ethnologue - Vlach - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=rup


ethnologue - Zadar - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


ethnologue - Zhgabe - Language of AL

(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als


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Shqip (W3)
Language of AL

(E?)(L?) http://www.deiaco.com/~desfayes/?p=12


(E3)(L1) http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=als

...
The Albanian call their language "Shqip" (whence the adjective "Shqipëtar": "those who speak the same language"). The belief that the name means "eagle" arose from a confusion between "Shqip" the Albanian language and "shkipjë" or "shqipjë" a collective name for birds of prey (including eagles). The bird name is cognate to Albanian "shqep" = "to tear", Serbo-Croatian "shkopiti" = "to strike", a characteristic of hawks. The language name must evidently have another semantics; "shqiponj" means "I understand". "A new and more generalized ethnic and linguistic consciousness of all these people responded to this, distinguished against the foreigners as a community of men ("shqiptarë") clearly understanding each other, that is understanding each other "shqip". This adverb predominates in everyday use. There is nothing scientific in explaining "Shqipëri" as "the country of the eagle" and "shqiptarë" as "the sons of the eagle" (XHEVAT LLOSHI, 1999).


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