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Italian Parts of Speech

(E?)(L?) http://italian.about.com/od/grammar/a/italian-parts-of-speech.htm

Linguistic Categories of Italian Words

By Michael San Filippo

Italian Language Expert

Italian Language Categories ...
Noun / Sostantivo

A noun (sostantivo) indicates persons, animals, things, qualities, or phenomena. "Things" can also be concepts, ideas, feelings, and actions. A noun can be concrete (automobile, formaggio) or abstract (libertŕ, politica, percezione). A noun can also be common (cane, scienza, fiume, amore), proper (Regina, Napoli, Italia, Arno), or collective (famiglia, classe, grappolo). Nouns such as purosangue, copriletto, and bassopiano are called compound nouns and are formed when combining two or more words. In Italian, the gender of a noun can be male or female. Foreign nouns, when used in Italian, usually keep the same gender as the language of origin.

Verb / Verbo

A verb (verbo) denotes action (portare, leggere), circumstance (decomporsi, scintillare), or state of being (esistere, vivere, stare).

Adjective / Aggettivo

An adjective (aggettivo) describes, modifies, or qualifies a noun: la casa bianca, il ponte vecchio, la ragazza americana, il bello zio. In Italian, there are several classes of adjectives, including: demonstrative adjectives (aggettivi dimostrativi), possessive adjectives (aggettivi possessivi), indefinite adjectives (aggettivi indefiniti), numerical adjectives (aggettivi numerali), and degree of comparison adjectives (gradi dell'aggettivo).

Article / Articolo

An article (articolo) is a word that combines with a noun to indicate the gender and number of that noun. A distinction is usually made between definite articles (articoli determinativi), indefinite articles (articoli indeterminativi), and partitive articles (articoli partitivi).

Adverb / Avverbio

An adverb (avverbio) is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Adverb types include manner (meravigliosamente, disastrosamente), time (ancora, sempre, ieri), place (laggiů, fuori, intorno), quantity (molto, niente, parecchio), frequency (raramente, regolarmente), judgment (certamente, neanche, eventualmente), and interrogative (perché?, dove?).

Preposition / Preposizione

A preposition (preposizione) connects nouns, pronouns, and phrases to other words in a sentence. Examples include di, a, da, in, con, su, per, and tra.

Pronoun / Pronome

A pronoun (pronome) is a word that refers to or substitutes for a noun. There are several types of pronouns, including personal subject pronouns (pronomi personali soggetto), direct object pronouns (pronomi diretti), indirect object pronouns (pronomi indiretti), reflexive pronouns (pronomi riflessivi), possessive pronouns (pronomi possessivi), interrogative pronouns (pronomi interrogativi), demonstrative pronouns (pronomi dimostrativi), and the particle ne (particella ne).

Conjunction / Congiunzione

A conjunction (congiunzione) is the part of speech that joins two words, sentences, phrases or clauses together, such as: quando, sebbene, anche se, and nonostante. Italian conjunctions can be separated into two classes: coordinating conjunctions (congiunzioni coordinative) and subordinating conjunctions (congiunzioni subordinative).

Interjection / Interiezione

An interjection (interiezione) is an exclamation that expresses an improvisational emotional state: "ah!" "eh!" "ahimč!" "boh!" "coraggio!" "bravo!" There are many types of interjections based on their form and function.


Erstellt: 2014-12

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