Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
NI Nicaragua, Nicaragua, Nicaragua, Nicaragua, Nicaragua
Wasser, Agua, Eau, Acqua, Water

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krahna (W3)

(E?)(L?) http://portal.unesco.org/science/en/ev.php-URL_ID=6684&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

Mayangna knowledge deep in the heart of Mesoamerica
By Paule Gros and Douglas Nakashima
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But the Mayangna also have knowledge of another more recent introduction that is a source of much concern. This is the invasive species for which the Mayangna have not yet coined a name, the "tilapia" ("Oreochromis spp"). They refer to it by the Miskito name of "krahna". "Krahna" is said to have escaped from fish farms located either in the Apanas reservoir or along the upper course of the Coco River. It invaded the Coco River system during floods caused by Hurricane Juana in 1988. Year after year, the Mayangna have stood by helplessly as this species has invaded one river basin after another along the Coco River. They have documented this phenomenon, which has been accompanied by declines in native fish species due to competition from, and predation, by "krahna".
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Pahwa-fish (W3)

Die "pahwa"-Fische wurden aus dem "Wawa River" importiert (Mayngna "pah Wawa" = engl. "from Wawa").

(E?)(L?) http://portal.unesco.org/science/en/ev.php-URL_ID=6684&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html

Mayangna knowledge deep in the heart of Mesoamerica
By Paule Gros and Douglas Nakashima
...
One of the last extensive areas of Central American tropical rainforest lies along the border of Nicaragua with Honduras. This transboundary area, which includes the Bosawas Biosphere Reserve in Nicaragua and the Rio Plátano Biosphere Reserve on the Honduran side, has come to be known as the Heart of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor. The second-largest rainforest in the Americas after the Amazon, it is of utmost importance for the conservation of Central American biodiversity. The area is also home to the indigenous Mayangna and Miskito peoples who have occupied these lands for centuries.
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A final example of the breadth of Mayangna knowledge, as well as its application in resource management, is their knowledge of the introduction of fish species. For example, "pahwa", the "blackbelt cichlid" ("Vieja maculicauda"), is not native to the Waspuk River. Some generations ago, the large quantities of this important food fish were intentionally transported by the Mayangna from the "Wawa River" to the "Waspuk River". The introduction was a success and today the abundant "pahwa" are fished in large numbers. The etymology of the current fish’s name in Mayngna, "pahwa", relates to this event, as it derives from the term "pah Wawa" meaning "from Wawa".
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