Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
NL Königreich der Niederlande, Reino de los Países Bajos, Royaume des Pays-Bas, Regno dei Paesi Bassi, Kingdom of the Netherlands
Chemie, Química, Chimie, Chimica, Chemistry

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Dubnium (W3)

Die Bezeichnung dieses chemischen Elements (105) bezieht sich auf das Kernforschungszentrum in "Dubna", wo im Jahre 1967 sowjetische Wissenschaftler unter der Leitung von G.N. Flerow die Synthese des zweiten Transaktinoidenelements meldeten.

Die Diskussion um die endgültige Namensgebung für das Element 105 scheint jedoch noch nicht abgeschlossen zu sein. So gibt es drei weitere Vorschläge:

(E1)(L1) http://home.hetnet.nl/~vanadovv/PernamenET.html

105, Db, Dubnium
"Dubna", Rusland, de plaats van het instituut voor gemeenschappelijk kernonderzoek. In 1994 stelde IUPAC voor nr. 105 joliotium (Jl) te noemen, naar de Franse natuurkundige Frederick Jolie-Curie. De ACU prefereerde hahnium (Ha), maar IUPAC koos in 1997 voor dubnium. De naam hahnium is een jaar of 25 in gebruik geweest.
In Rusland en enkele omliggende landen prefereert men de naam nielsbohrium (Ns), zie element 107.


(E1)(L1) http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/nameorigin.php


(E?)(L?) http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/element.php?sym=Db


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hetnet
Elementnamen meertalig
Eigenschappen van de elementen in meer talen
Namen van de chemische elementen
Chemical Elements Etymology

(E?)(L1) http://home.kpn.nl/vanadovv/


(E?)(L?) http://home.kpn.nl/vanadovv/Eenhset.html
Elementnamen meertalig:
F A Q (also in English)
Nederlands, Fries, Engels, Frans, Duits, Italiaans, Spaans, Portugees, Potjeslatijn, Roemeens, Esperanto, Galicisch, Catalaans, Occitaans, Bretons, Welsh, Iers, Schots, Zweeds, Deens, Noors, IJslands, Grieks, Fins, Estlands, Hongaars, Turks, Litouws, Lets, Russisch, Ukraïens, Wit-Russisch, Bulgaars, Servisch (Cyr.), Macedonisch, Pools, Tsjechisch, Slowaaks, Sloveens, Servisch (Lat.), Kroatisch, Bosnisch, Mongools (Cyr.), Indonesisch, Chinees, Japans, Koreaans, Thai (Macintosh), Thai (Windows), Vietnamees, Etymologie

(E?)(L1) http://home.kpn.nl/vanadovv/EltProps.html


(E1)(L1) http://home.kpn.nl/vanadovv/PernamenET.html
Etymologie: Namen van de chemische elementen


Er werden zo veel mogelijk bronnen en woordenboeken geraadpleegd. Merk op dat veel Amerikaanse bronnen en hun talrijke kopieën taalkundig nogal slordige verklaringen geven. Geprobeerd werd het beter te doen, maar als u suggesties heeft, dan graag. De lichtblauwe tabelkop wordt herhaald bij iedere start van een nieuwe (sub)periode.


Ac actinium | Al aluminium | Am americium | Sb antimoon | Ar argon | As arseen | At astaat | Ba barium | Bk berkelium | Be beryllium | Bi bismut | Bh bohrium | B boor | Br broom | Cd cadmium | Ca calcium | Cf californium | Ce cerium | Cs cesium | Cl chloor | Cr chroom | Cm curium | Ds darmstadtium | Dy dysprosium | Es einsteinium | Er erbium | Eu europium | Fm fermium | F fluor | P fosfor | Fr francium | Gd gadolinium | Ga gallium | Ge germanium | Au goud | Hf hafnium | Hs hassium | He helium | Ho holmium | Fe ijzer | In indium | Ir iridium | I jood | K kalium | Co kobalt | C koolstof | Cu koper | Hg kwik | La lanthaan | Lr lawrencium | Li lithium | Pb lood | Lu lutetium | Mg magnesium | Mn mangaan | Mt meitnerium | Md mendelevium | Mo molybdeen | Na natrium | Nd neodymium | Ne neon | Np neptunium | Ni nikkel | Nb niobium | No nobelium | Os osmium | Pd palladium | Pt platina | Pu plutonium | Po polonium | Pr praseodymium | Pm promethium | Pa protactinium | Ra radium | Rn radon | Re rhenium | Rh rhodium | Rb rubidium | Ru ruthenium | Rf rutherfordium | Sm samarium | Sc scandium | Sg seaborgium | Se seleen | Si silicium | N stikstof | Sr strontium | Ta tantaal | Tc technetium | Te telluur | Tb terbium | Th thorium | Tm thulium | Sn tin | Ti titaan | Uub ununbium | U uraan | V vanadium | H waterstof | W wolfraam | Xe xenon | Yb ytterbium | Y yttrium | Ag zilver | Zn zink | Zr zirkoon | O zuurstof | S zwavel

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vanderkrogt
Eine Spitzen-Site zur chemischen Namensgebung und Chemie-Geschichte
Elementymology & Elements Multidict by Peter van der Krogt
Multilingual & Name Origin Periodic Table
Elements Multidict
Element names in 72 languages
Chronology of the discovery
Persons involved in the discovery and naming
Name origin
Names that did not make it
Seven metals known from antiquity in 100 languages (Fe Cu Ag Sn Au Hg Pb)
History of the Chemical Symbols
Chemistianity 1873
Non-chemical and non-English periodic tables

(E1)(L1) http://www.vanderkrogt.net/


(E1)(L1) http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/


(E1)(L1) http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/list_element.php
mit guter etymologischer Erklärung und "Multilingual Dictionary" zu jedem chemischen Element.

Contents:

(E1)(L1) http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/multidict.php
Language Codes (ISO-639)

(E1)(L1) http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/fecu.php
Fe Cu Ag Sn Au Hg Pb - Iron, Copper, Silver, Tin, Gold, Mercury, & Lead
Seven metals known from antiquity in 119 languages

(E1)(L1) http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/chemical_symbols.php

Lavoisier 1789 - 33 elements
Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794) introduced the system of chemical nomenclature. His Traité Élémentaire de Chimie (1789) was the first modern chemical textbook, and presented a unified view of new theories of chemistry. In addition, it contained a list of 33 elements, or substances that could not be broken down further. His list also included light (lumière) and caloric (calorique), which he believed to be material substances. Lavoisier himself grouped them into four categories on the basis of their chemical properties:
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Dalton 1808 - 36 elements
John Dalton (1766-1844) was an English meteorologist who switched to chemistry when he saw the applications for chemistry of his ideas about the atmosphere. He proposed the Atomic Theory in 1803 which stated that
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Berzelius 1813-14 - 47 elements
As we see in the complete list of Daltin symbols, the symbol for newly discovered elements was a letter or two letters in a circle. It is therefor quite logical that a few years later, in Sweden, Berzelius suggested just using letters, argumenting those are easier to write and print.
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Mendeleev 1869 - 63 elements
Dmitrij Ivanovic Mendeleev (1834-1907) (how to spell his name? click here) had in 1869 assembled detailed descriptions of more than 60 elements and, on 6 March 1869 a formal presentation was made to the Russian Chemical Society entitled "The Dependence Between the Properties of the Atomic Weights of the Elements." Unfortunately, Mendeleev was ill and the presentation was given by his colleague Professor Menshutken. The same year, a summary of this paper was published in German in the Zeitschrift für Chemie (note). There were eight points to his presentation:
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Henry Moseley 1913
When Argon was discovered, the masses of Argon and Potassium were reversed. Henry Moseley found the reason for these apparent exceptions to the rule. As a result of Moseley's work, the periodic law was revised. He stated that physical and chemical properties are a periodic function of their atomic number, rather than mass. This better explained the gaps in the table. The atomic number of an element indicates the number of protons in the nucleus of each atom of the element. The atomic number also indicates the number of electrons surrounding the nucleus. Herewith he created the modern periodic table in which each succeeding element has one more proton and electron than the former element.
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Hier habe ich einen Hinweis zur Bildung der Elementsymbole gefunden, die auf Berzelius zurückgeht. Danach werden die Symbole der chemischen Elemente wie folgt gebildet.



Als Beispiele sind aufgeführt:

Ob diese Bildungsregel bei allen chemischen Symbolen bis heute eingehalten wurde habe ich nicht überprüft. Zumindest findet man in einem Dokument den Hinweis:

1818, gerade 10 Jahre nach Dalton's "New System of Chemical Philosophy", schlug J. J. Berzelius die heute noch verwendeten chemischen Zeichen der Fachöffentlichkeit vor.


(E1)(L1) http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/indexes.php


mit guter etymologischer Erklärung und "Multilingual Dictionary" zu jedem chemischen Element.

(E1)(L1) http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/nameorigin.php
NAME ORIGIN (E1)(L1) http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/multidict.php
Elementymology & Elements Multidict
Multilingual dictionary of the names of chemical elements

(E1)(L1) http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/didnot.php
Es ist ja auch nicht uninteressant, welche vorgeschlagenen Elementnamen nicht zum Zuge kamen.

NAMES THAT DID NOT MAKE IT

Accretium | Actin(e)on (An) | Actinium | Actinium Emanation | Actinium-A to D, K, X | Actino-uranium | Agusterde | Alabamine (Ab), | Alabamium (Am) | Alcaligène | Alcalinium, Alkalinium | Aldebaranium | Alkalinium, Alcalinium | Alumium | Andronia, Andronium | Anglium | Anglohelvetium (Ah) | Angularium | Antimonium | Archonium | Argon (A) | Aridium | Asterium | Athenium (An) | Aurum paradoxium | Ausonium (Ao) | Austrium | Azote (Az) | Barytium | Berzelium | Bohemium (Bo) | Boracium | Brevium (Bv) | Carolinium | Cassiopeium (Cp) | Celtium (Ct) | Centium | Centurium (Ct) | Cererium | Ceresium | Colonium | Columbium (Cb) | Coronium | Crodonium | Cyclonium | Cyclotronium | Dakin | Danium | Danubium (Da) | Davyum | Decipium (Dp) | Demonium | Denebium | Deuterium | Dianium | Didymium (Di) | Diplogenium | Donarium | Dor (Do) | Dubhium | DVI = Two (Sanskrite) | Dvi-Manganese | Dvi-Rubidium | Dvi-Tellurium (Dt) | EKA = One (Sanskrite) | Eka-Aluminium | Eka-Boron | Eka-Caesium | Eka-Gold (Eka-Aurum?) | Eka-Iodine | Eka-Iridium | Eka-Manganese | Eka-Osmium | Eka-Platinum | Eka-Rhenium | Eka-Silicon | Eka-Tantalum | Emanium | En(ne)actinium | Eosium | Erythronium | Esperium, Hesperium (Es) | Euprosium | Eurosamarium | Euxenium | Exactinio | Exradio | Exthorio | Extremium | Florentium (Fr) | Francium (Fa) | Geocoronium | Glucinium, Glucium | Gourium | Helvetium (Hv) | Hesperium, Esperium (Es) | Hibernium | Illinium (Il) | Ilmenium (Il) | Incognitium | Infra-Carbon | Ionium | Jargonium | Jargonium (Jg) | Joliotium | Junonium | Klaprothium | Kosmium | Lawrencium | Lawrencium (Lw) | Leptin | Lewisium | Littorium | Lucium | Magnium | Masrium (Ms) | Masurium (Ma) | Meitnium (Mt) | Melinium | Menachin | Mendelevium | Mesothorium | Metargon | Moldavium | Mosandrum | Muriaticum | Muride | Nebulium | Neo-erbium | Neokosmium | Neothulium | Neoytterbium (Ny) | Neptunium | Newium | Newtonium (Nw) | Nielsbohrium (Ns) | Nigrium | Nipponium | Niton (Ni) or (Nt) | Nonactinium | Norium (No) | Norwegium (Ng) | Novum | Ochroite | Odinium (Od) | Offium | Orthohelium | Ostranium | Panchromium | Panormium | Parahelium | Pelopium (Pe) | Percentium | Philippium (Pp) | Phtor | Pluranium | Plutonium | Polinium | Potassium | Praedicium | Prodaniukium | Protofluorine | Protohydrogen | Ptene | Radioactinium | Radiobismuth | Radiolead | Radiotellurium | Radium Emanation | Radium-A to G | Radlabium | Rolandium | Russium | Samarium (Sa) | Scheelium | Scotium | Sequanium (Sq) | Sirium | Sodium (So) | Spectrium (Sp) | Thelike | Therine (Te) | Thor(e)on (Tn) | Thorium (T) | Thorium Emanation | Thulium (Tu or Tu) | Tritium | Tungsten (Tn, Tu) | Tyrium (Ty) | Ultimium | Universitium | Uranium | Vesbium | Vestaeium or Vestium | Vestium | Virginium (Vi, Vm) | Wasium | Welsium | Wodanium | Yorkium | Yttrium (Yt)

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