Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
SX Sint Maarten (Netherlands), Sint Maarten (Netherlands), Saint-Martin (Pays-Bas), Sint Maarten (Netherlands), Sint Maarten (Netherlands)
Allgemein, general, en général, generale, in general

(Philipsburg, Philipsburg, Philipsburg, Philipsburg, Philipsburg)
18°1 N - 63°2 W

bis Oktober 2010 Teil von:
Niederländische Antillen, Antillas Neerlandesas, Antilles néerlandaises, Antille olandesi / Antille nederlandesi, Netherlands Antilles

Sint Maarten, Saint-Martin, Saint Martin, St Maarten
18°04 N - 63°04 W

weltalmanach - Landes-Name in den Amtssprachen der Staaten der Welt

(E?)(L1) http://iate.europa.eu/


(E?)(L?) http://www.geonames.de/couba.html


(E?)(L1) http://www.weltalmanach.de/
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Sint Maarten

(E?)(L?) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sk.html

Central America and Caribbean :: Sint Maarten

(part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Introduction ::Sint Maarten

Background:

Although sighted by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1493 and claimed for Spain, it was the Dutch who occupied the island in 1631 and set about exploiting its salt deposits. The Spanish retook the island in 1633, but continued to be harassed by the Dutch. The Spanish finally relinquished the island of Saint Martin to the French and Dutch, who divided it amongst themselves in 1648. The establishment of cotton, tobacco, and sugar plantations dramatically expanded slavery on the island in the 18th and 19th centuries; the practice was not abolished in the Dutch half until 1863. The island's economy declined until 1939 when it became a free port; the tourism industry was dramatically expanded beginning in the 1950s. In 1954, Sint Maarten and several other Dutch Caribbean possessions became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands as the Netherlands Antilles. In a 2000 referendum, the citizens of Sint Maarten voted to become a self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The change in status became effective in October of 2010 with the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles.

Geography :: Sint Maarten

Location: Caribbean, located in the Leeward Islands (northern) group; Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin in the Caribbean Sea; Sint Maarten lies east of the US Virgin Islands

Geographic coordinates:

18 4 N, 63 4 W

Map references:

Central America and the Caribbean

Area:

Area - comparative:

one-fifth the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

total: 15 km

border countries: Saint Martin (France) 15 km

Coastline: 364 km

Maritime claims:

Climate:

tropical marine climate, ameliorated by northeast trade winds, results in moderate temperatures; average rainfall of 1500 mm/year; July-November is the hurricane season

Terrain:

low, hilly terrain, volcanic origin

Elevation extremes:



Natural resources: fish, salt

Land use:

Irrigated land: NA

Natural hazards: subject to hurricanes from July to November

Environment - current issues: NA

Geography - note:

the northern border is shared with the French overseas collectivity of Saint Martin; together, these two entities make up the smallest landmass in the world shared by two self-governing states

People ::Sint Maarten

Languages: English (official) 67.5%, Spanish 12.9%, Creole 8.2%, Dutch (official) 4.2%, Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 2.2%, French 1.5%, other 3.5% (2001 census)

Religions: Roman Catholic 39%, Protestant 44.8% (Pentecostal 11.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6.2%, other Protestant 27%), none 6.7%, other 5.4%, Jewish 3.4%, not reported 0.7% (2001 census)

Population:

Age structure:

Population growth rate: NA

Birth rate: NA

Death rate:

Net migration rate: Sex ratio:

Life expectancy at birth: Total fertility rate:

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA

Education expenditures: NA

Government ::Sint Maarten

Country name:

Dependency status: constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands; full autonomy in internal affairs granted in 2010; Dutch Government responsible for defense and foreign affairs

Government type: parliamentary

Administrative divisions: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

National holiday: Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX), 30 April (1909 and 1980)

Constitution: Staatsregeling, 10 October 2010; revised Kingdom Charter pending

Legal system: based on Dutch civil law system with some English common law influence

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: Legislative branch: Judicial branch: Common Court of Justice, Joint High Court of Justice (judges appointed by the monarch)

Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party or DP [Sarah WESCOTT-WILLIAMS]; National Alliance or NA [William MARLIN]; United People's Party or UPP [Theodore HEYLIGER]; Concordia Political Alliance or CPA [Jeffery RICHARDSON]

Diplomatic representation in the US: none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Sint Maarten; the Consul General to Curacao is accredited to Sint Maarten

Flag description:

two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and blue with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; the center of the triangle displays the Sint Maarten coat of arms; the arms consist of an orange-bordered blue shield prominently displaying the white court house in Philipsburg, as well as a bouquet of yellow sage (the national flower) in the upper left, and the silhouette of a Dutch-French friendship monument in the upper right; the shield is surmounted by a yellow rising sun in front of which is a Brown Pelican in flight; a yellow scroll below the shield bears the motto: SEMPER PROGREDIENS (Always Progressing); the three main colors are identical to those on the Dutch flag

note:the flag somewhat resembles that of the Philippines, but with the main red and blue bands reversed; the banner more closely evokes the wartime Philippine flag

National anthem:

Economy ::Sint Maarten

Economy - overview:

The economy of Sint Maarten centers around tourism with nearly four-fifths of the labor force engaged in this sector. Over one million visitors come to the island each year - 1.3 million in 2008 - with most arriving through the Princess Juliana International Airport. Cruise ships and yachts also call on Sint Maarten's numerous ports and harbors. No significant agriculture and limited local fishing means that almost all food must be imported. Energy resources and manufactured goods are also imported. Sint Maarten had the highest per capita income among the five islands that formerly comprised the Netherlands Antilles.

GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (official exchange rate): $794.7 million (2008)

GDP - real growth rate:

GDP - per capita (PPP):

GDP - composition by sector:

Labor force:

Labor force - by occupation:

Unemployment rate:

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

Agriculture - products: sugar

Industries: tourism, light industry, and manufacturing

Exports - commodities: sugar

Exchange rates: Netherlands Antillean guilders (ANG) per US dollar - 1.79 (2010)

Energy ::Sint Maarten

Electricity - production:

Communications ::Sint Maarten

Telephones - main lines in use:

Telephones - mobile cellular: NA

Telephone system: Internet country code: .sx; note - IANA has designated .sx for Sint Maarten, but has not yet assigned it to a sponsoring organization

Internet hosts: NA

Internet users: NA

Transportation ::Sint Maarten

Airports:

Airports - with paved runways: Roadways:

Military ::Sint Maarten

Military branches: the Royal Netherlands Navy maintains a permanent and active presence in the region from its main operating base on Curacao and through a detachment on Sint Maarten; other local security forces include a coast guard, paramilitary National Guard (Vrijwilligers Korps Sint Maarten), and Police Force (KPSM) (2010)

Military service age and obligation: no conscription (2010)

Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands


Erstellt: 2012-11

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Philipsburg (W3)

"Philipsburg", die Hauptstadt von Süd-Sankt-Martin, wurde im Jahr 1763 von dem schottischen Kapitän der niederländischen Marine "John Philips" gegründet und nach dem Gründer benannt.

(E?)(L?) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sk.html

Sint Maarten
...
Capital: ...
Flag description:

two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and blue with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; the center of the triangle displays the Sint Maarten coat of arms; the arms consist of an orange-bordered blue shield prominently displaying the white court house in Philipsburg, as well as a bouquet of yellow sage (the national flower) in the upper left, and the silhouette of a Dutch-French friendship monument in the upper right; the shield is surmounted by a yellow rising sun in front of which is a Brown Pelican in flight; a yellow scroll below the shield bears the motto: SEMPER PROGREDIENS (Always Progressing); the three main colors are identical to those on the Dutch flag

note: the flag somewhat resembles that of the Philippines, but with the main red and blue bands reversed; the banner more closely evokes the wartime Philippine flag
...
Ports and terminals: ...


(E1)(L1) http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/amsudant/St-Maarten_PB.htm

Capitale: Philipsburg


(E?)(L?) http://www.vtuner.com/setupapp/guide/asp/BrowseStations/BrowsePremiumStations.asp?sCategory=Netherlands Antilles&sBrowseType=Location&sNiceLOFO=Netherlands Antilles




(E?)(L?) http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philipsburg

...
1763 von dem schottischen Kapitän der niederländischen Marine John Philips gegründet avancierte die Hafenstadt bald zu einem international wichtigen Warenumschlagplatz. Als schönes Beispiele westindischer Architektur zählt das 1793 errichtete Gerichtsgebäude.
...


(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=0&content=Philipsburg
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "Philipsburg" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1630 auf.

(E?)(L?) http://corpora.informatik.uni-leipzig.de/


Erstellt: 2013-01

Princess Juliana International Airport (W3)

Der "Princess Juliana International Airport" auf Sint Maarten (Netherlands, Antilles) wurde nach "Juliana of the Netherlands" benannt.

(E?)(L?) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_eponyms_of_airports


(E?)(L?) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juliana_of_the_Netherlands

Juliana of the Netherlands

Juliana (Dutch pronunciation: Juliana Louise Emma Marie Wilhelmina; 30 April 1909 – 20 March 2004) was the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands between 1948 and 1980. She was the only child of Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry. She was married to Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, with whom she had four children: Princess Beatrix (born 1938), Princess Irene (born 1939), Princess Margriet (born 1943), Princess Christina (born 1947). During the Second World War she lived in exile with her children in Ottawa, Canada. She became Queen of the Netherlands with her mother's abdication in 1948 and was succeeded by Queen Beatrix after her own abdication in 1980. During her reign both Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) proclaimed in 1945, but recognized in 1949 and Suriname in 1975 became independent from the Netherlands. Her birthday is celebrated annually as Koninginnedag, Queen's Day. Upon her death at the age of 94, she was the longest-lived former ruling monarch in the world. She is commemorated in space, in the name of the asteroid 816 Juliana.
...


Erstellt: 2012-11

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Sint Maarten (W3)

"Sint Maarten", ("Süd-Sankt-Martin", État de Saint-Martin, St. Maarten (Partie néerlandaise, Netherlands Antilles, Nederlandse Antillen), trägt den Namen von "Martin von Tours". Christoph Kolumbus entdeckte die Insel auf seiner zweiter Reise nach "Westindien" (Amerika) am 11. November, am "St. Martin Day" und nannte sie "Isla de San Martín" nach "Saint Martin of Tours".

(E?)(L?) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/nl.html


(E?)(L?) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sk.html

Sint Maarten

Background:

Although sighted by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1493 and claimed for Spain, it was the Dutch who occupied the island in 1631 and set about exploiting its salt deposits. The Spanish retook the island in 1633, but continued to be harassed by the Dutch. The Spanish finally relinquished the island of Saint Martin to the French and Dutch, who divided it amongst themselves in 1648. The establishment of cotton, tobacco, and sugar plantations dramatically expanded slavery on the island in the 18th and 19th centuries; the practice was not abolished in the Dutch half until 1863. The island's economy declined until 1939 when it became a free port; the tourism industry was dramatically expanded beginning in the 1950s. In 1954, Sint Maarten and several other Dutch Caribbean possessions became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands as the Netherlands Antilles. In a 2000 referendum, the citizens of Sint Maarten voted to become a self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The change in status became effective in October of 2010 with the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles.
...


(E?)(L?) https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rn.html

...
Geography - note:
the island of Saint Martin is the smallest landmass in the world shared by two independent states, the French territory of Saint Martin and the Dutch territory of Sint Maarten.
...

Background:

Although sighted by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1493 and claimed for Spain, it was the Dutch who occupied the island in 1631 and set about exploiting its salt deposits. The Spanish retook the island in 1633, but continued to be harassed by the Dutch. The Spanish finally relinquished Saint Martin to the French and Dutch, who divided it between themselves in 1648. Friction between the two sides caused the border to frequently fluctuate over the next two centuries, with the French eventually holding the greater portion of the island (about 57%). The cultivation of sugar cane introduced slavery to the island in the late 18th century; the practice was not abolished until 1848. The island became a free port in 1939; the tourism industry was dramatically expanded during the 1970s and 1980s. In 2003, the populace of Saint Martin voted to secede from Guadeloupe and in 2007, the northern portion of the island became a French overseas collectivity. In 2010, the Dutch portion of the island became an independent nation within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.geohive.com/cntry/stmaarten.aspx


(E?)(L?) http://www.searchenginecolossus.com/SintMaarten.html

SEARCH ENGINES - MOTEURS DE RECHERCHE - MOTORES DE BUSQÚEDA - SUCHMASCHINEN


(E?)(L?) http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/amsudant/St-Maarten_PB.htm




(E6)(L?) http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/map_sites/country_sites.html

Saint Martin/Sint Maarten


(E?)(L?) http://www.nationalanthems.info/sx.htm
Die lokale Hymne von Sint Maarten ist "O Sweet Saint Martin's Land"

(E?)(L?) http://www.xe.com/ucc/full/

Sint Maarten, Netherlands Antilles Guilder (ANG)


(E?)(L?) http://www.welt-atlas.de/karte_von_sint_maarten_8-294

Sint Maarten zu Niederlande


(E?)(L?) http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sint_Maarten


(E?)(L?) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_political_entities_named_after_people

Sint Maarten - Martin of Tours


(E?)(L?) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sint_Maarten

...
In 1493, during Christopher Columbus' second voyages to the West Indies, upon first sighting the island he named it "Isla de San Martín" after "Saint Martin of Tours" because it was 11 November, "St. Martin Day". However, though he claimed it as a Spanish territory, Columbus never landed there, and Spain made the settlement of the island a low priority.
...


Erstellt: 2012-11

St. Maarten (W3)

"Sint Maarten", ("Süd-Sankt-Martin", État de Saint-Martin, St. Maarten (Partie néerlandaise, Netherlands Antilles, Nederlandse Antillen), trägt den Namen von "Martin von Tours". Christoph Kolumbus entdeckte die Insel auf seiner zweiter Reise nach "Westindien" (Amerika) am 11. November, am "St. Martin Day" und nannte sie "Isla de San Martín" nach "Saint Martin of Tours".

Die Insel St. Maarten, Sint Maarten, Saint-Martin, ist seit 2010 ein autonomes Land innerhalb des Königreichs der Niederlande (Sint Maarten teilt sich die Insel mit dem französischen Saint-Martin, dem Nordteil der Insel)

(E?)(L?) http://www.confluence.org/country.php?id=181

18°N 63°W - 3.5 km (2.2 miles) E of Witte Kaap (Cape), St. Maartens, Netherlands Antilles


(E?)(L1) http://www.flags.net/


(E?)(L?) http://www.meteo.an/indexTNCM.asp


(E?)(L1) http://www.worldlicenseplates.com/


(E?)(L?) http://www.worldtravelguide.net/st-maarten

St Maarten Travel Guide


(E?)(L?) http://www.wri.org/publication/content/7895


(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=0&content=St. Maarten
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "St. Maarten" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1800 auf.

Erstellt: 2012-11

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