Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
UK Vereinigtes Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland, Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda del Norte, Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne et d'Irlande du Nord, Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna e Irlanda del Nord, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Genealogie, Genealogía, Généalogie, Genealogia, Genealogy

A

adult (W3)

Engl. "adult" = dt. "Erwachsener" geht zurück auf lat. "adolescere" = dt. "heranwachsen".

Erstellt: 2010-10

Ancestry (W3)

Engl. "ancestry" (1300–50), (fem. engl. "ancestress" (1570)) geht zurück auf altfrz. "ancesserie" = engl. "ancestry", "ancestors", "forefathers" (frz. "ancêtre") und weiter auf lat. "antecessor" = dt. "Vorfahr", "Vorgänger", lat. "antecessus", lat. "antecedere" = dt. "vorangehen", "vorausgehen" und setzt sich zusammen aus lat. "ante-" = dt. "vor- und lat. "cedere" = dt. "gehen".

(E?)(L?) http://spanish.dictionary.com/browse/a


(E?)(L?) http://filext.com/alphalist.php?extstart=%5EA
File Extension: "ANCESTRY"

(E?)(L?) http://www.nationalgeographic.com/siteindex/people.html
The Genographic Project: Explore Your Ancestry

(E?)(L?) http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/?s=ancestry


(E?)(L?) http://www.oedilf.com/db/Lim.php?Word=ancestry
Limericks on ancestry

(E1)(L1) http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/ancestry


(E1)(L1) http://ngrams.googlelabs.com/graph?corpus=0&content=Ancestry
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "Ancestry" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1790 auf.

Erstellt: 2011-06

Ancestry - Rose

(E?)(L?) http://www.helpmefind.com/plant/plants.php


Erstellt: 2011-06

B

C

D

Darwinismus (W3)

Der "Darwinismus" trägt den Namen des englischen Naturforschers "Charles Darwin" (1809-1882). Im Mittelpunkt seiner Lehre steht die stammesgeschichtlichen Entwicklung durch Mutation und Selektion.

(E?)(L1) http://beat.doebe.li/bibliothek/p00054.html


(E?)(L1) http://www.textlog.de/charles-darwin.html


(E?)(L1) http://www.textlog.de/darwin-entstehung.html

Charles Darwin
Über die Entstehung der Arten durch natürliche Zuchtwahl oder die Erhaltung der begünstigten Rassen im Kampfe ums Dasein
(On the origin of species by means of natural selektion, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life)
(1859)


(E3)(L1) http://www.textlog.de/12833.html
Darwinismus

(E?)(L?) http://www.textlog.de/12832.html
DARWINsches Ohr

(E3)(L1) http://www.textlog.de/1294.html
Darwinismus

(E?)(L?) http://www.textlog.de/4432.html
Metaphysischer Darwinismus

(E3)(L1) http://www.textlog.de/kant-lexikon.html
Darwinismus s. Entwicklung.

(E?)(L?) http://www.textlog.de/32902.html


(E3)(L1) http://www.textlog.de/1001.html


(E?)(L?) http://www.rrz.uni-hamburg.de/biologie/b_online/d36/36.htm
Hier findet man Informationen über Charles Darwin und eine Einführung in die von ihm begründete Evolutionstheorie.

Dolly
Dorothea
Digital Dolly
Klon
clone
toll
doll
Dollymethode (W3)

In einer Radiosendung in der ersten Juliwoche 2007 war zu erfahren, dass das Klonschaf "Dolly" aus einer Euterzelle eines "Mutterschafes" erschaffen wurde. Angeregt von der Oberweite der Countrysängerin "Dolly Parton" sollen die Wissenschaftler auf den Namen "Dolly" gekommen sein.

"Dolly Buster", deren Markenzeichen auch nicht zu übersehen ist, kam den Wissenschaftlern anscheinend nicht in den Sinn.

Nach dem "Klon-Schaf" "Dolly" wurden dann auch "Klon-Programme" "Dolly" genannt, zur genaueren Spezifizierung auch "Digital Dolly".

"Klon", engl. "clone", geht übrigens auf griech. "klon" = "Sprössling" zurück.

Der Name "Dolly" kann eine Abkürzung des Namens "Dorothea" sein, das wiederum "Gottesgeschenk" bedeutet (griech. "doron" = "Geschenk", "Gabe" und "theos" = "Gott").

Weitere Namensformen sind dt. "Dora", dt. "Dorothee", engl. "Doreen", ital./span. "Dorotea", engl. "Dorothy", frz. "Dorothée".

"Dolly" kann aber auch auf engl. "doll" = "Puppe", "Mädchen", amerik. "Frau" bezogen sein und würde demnach etwa "Püppchen" bedeuten.

Vom "Püppchen" wurde "dolly" auch auf Geräte und Vorrichtungen übertragen, die in irgendeiner Weise etwas Niedliches an sich haben, wie etwa eine kleine Rollvorrichtung, die zum Arbeiten unterm Auto benutzt wird.

Allerdings gab es anscheinend auch "Dolly"-Geräte, die ihre Bezeichnung nicht auf ihre Püppchen-Eigenschaft zurückführen. Ich könnte mir vorstellen, dass diese Herkunft im Dunstkreis von dt. "toll" zu suchen ist. Immerhin geht "toll" über ahd. "tol" = "dumm", "töricht" auf die Bedeutung "getrübt", "umnebelt" zurück und hängt mit "Dunst" zusammen.

Und ein erstes "dolly" war ein hölzernes bewegliches Instrument, um Wäsche in einem Waschzuber umzurühren. Und entweder geht hier die Vorstellung des "Drehens" wie in dt. "tollen", "herumtollen" ein oder die Vorstellung des Dunstes in der Waschküche, der durch das Umrühren noch vergrößert wird.

Möglicherweise trefen sich sowohl das "Püppchen" als auch einige der "dolly"-Apparate in der Vorstellung des "Drehens".

Immerhin findet man im "Old Frisian etymological database [Koebler]", für "doll" die ie. Bedeutungsvarianten "toll", "töricht", "betäubt", "trüben", "wirbeln", "stieben", "wirbeln", "wehen", "stinken", "schütteln", "Dampf", "Hauch", "Rauch".

Als Farbbezeichnung gibt es z.B. "Dolly Pink".

Die "ungeschlechtliche Befruchtung" wie sie deim Schaf "Dolly" angewandt wurde prägte auch den Begriff "Dollymethode".

Und hier ein paar Links auf dem Weg zu "dolly":

(E?)(L2) http://www.3sat.de/nano/
Die Suche nach "Dolly" im Wissenschaftsmagazin "nano" bei 3sat ergab insgesamt 170 Ergebnisse.

Eine kleine Auswahl der angezeigten Ausschnitte:

(E?)(L?) http://www.3sat.de/nano/astuecke/94091/

Unklare Vaterschaft zehn Jahre nach Geburt von "Dolly"
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.3sat.de/3sat.php?http://www.3sat.de/nano/astuecke/94113/

Ian Wilmut verteidigt die Forschung für neue Therapien
...


(E6)(L1) http://www.anthus.com/Colors/Colors_D.html


(E?)(L1) http://www.anthus.com/Colors/Cent.html#15
"Dolly Pink" als Farbe: - #ab343a - Moderate Red


(E?)(L?) http://members.aol.com/Dragon5452/Dolly1987.html

...Dolly's 1987 Variety Show
...
There are pictures, an episode guide, and articles about Dolly's series in the television section of: Steve's Dolly Parton Page
...


...
dolly ...

(E?)(L?) http://www.dollyon-line.com/


(E1)(L1) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=dolly

1610, "Dolly", a fem. nickname (see "doll"); 1790 as "child's doll"; applied from 1792 to any contrivance fancied to resemble a dolly in some sense, esp. a small platform on rollers (1901).


(E?)(L?) http://www.dollysisters.co.uk/

The dancing "Dolly Sisters": identical twins Jenny (1892-1941) and Rosie (1892-1970) stars of cafe society on both sides of the Atlantic and icons of the 1920s.
A rags to riches story set against the glittering backdrop of high society in America and Europe and yet, lurking behind their glamorous life of fame, fortune, mistaken identity, millionaires, love and sisterly devotion - that made them legends - is another of rivalry, duplicity and tragedy.


(E?)(L?) http://www.fernsehserien.de/index.php?serie=1029
Dolly (USA 1987-1988)

(E3)(L1) http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/5402
Grose, Francis - Dictionary of the vulgar tongue, 1811 - Slang-Dictionary: DOLLY


DOLLY. A Yorkshire dolly; a contrivance for washing, by means of a kind of wheel fixed in a tub, which being turned about, agitates and cleanses the linen put into it, with soap and water.


(E?)(L?) http://german.imdb.com/title/tt0092342/combined

"Dolly" (1987)
TV-Series 1987-1988


(E?)(L?) http://www.indo-european.nl/index2.html - nicht mehr erreichbar

Old Frisian: "doll", "dull", "dol", "dul"
Grammar: Adj.
Translation (German): "toll", "töricht", "vermessen" (Adj.), "verbrecherisch", "verwegen", "unbesonnen"
Translation (English): "insane"
Etymology: germ. "*dwula-", "*dwulaz", "*dula-", "*dulaz", "toll", "töricht", "betäubt"; s. ide. "*dheuel-", "*dhuel-", "trüben", "wirbeln", ide. "*dheu-" (4), "*dheu-"¸"stieben", "wirbeln", "wehen", "stinken", "schütteln", "Dampf", "Hauch", "Rauch"


(E?)(L?) http://www.kunigunde.ch/

"Dolly" Variante von "Dorothea"


(E?)(L?) http://www.kunigunde.ch/HWD.htm#gnDorothea

"Dorothea"
Herkunftssprache: Altgriechisch
Bedeutung/Übersetzung: "Gottesgeschenk".
Angaben zur Herkunft: weibliche Form des lateinischen Namens "Dorotheus", von griechisch "Dorotheos"
...


(E?)(L?) http://listserv.linguistlist.org/cgi-bin/wa

...
Dolly Parton ...
...
DOLLYWOOD--108,000 Google hits (Dolly Parton's place in Tennessee)
...
..., and a "dolly" is any small rolling platform - often used to permit or recede from a scene being photographed.
...
"doughnut dolly" was apparently an official Red Cross name for female volunteers.
...
Red Cross recreation girls are "doughnut dollies." The chief "doughnut dolly" at the 1st Infantry Division is "doughnut six" and her assistants have numbers from five to one. One slim girl is "doughnut one-half".
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During the gulf war, the Assad Babyle Iraqi tank (a version of the Soviet T-72) was nicknamed the "Dolly Parton" due to it's rounded reinforced turret (hier: "Geschützturm").
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"DOLLY": Switch stand (Not in RHHDAS.)
"DOLLY FLAPPER": Switch tender (Not in RHHDAS.)
...
"dolly" - a low four-wheeled flatbed cart, with or without a frame handle at one end
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Since I mentioned "appliance dolly" as opposed to hand-truck, there is a picture of what I mean at: ...
...
I guess my terminology is the same as U-Haul's except that the tool identified as a "utility dolly" is what I would call a "hand truck".
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"dolly" - a low four-wheeled flatbed cart, with or without a frame handle at one end
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"Dolly was every bit as bad as "Gray" and a little worse".
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There had been a popular song from the Boer War called "Goodbye Dolly Gray" and no doubt for a while "Dolly" was the standard nickname of men named "Gray".
...
"dolly parton" ...
...
"dust dolly" ...
...
"Hello, Dolly!"
...


(E1)(L1) http://www.markenlexikon.com/personen_b.html

"Dolly Buster", Katja-Nora Bochnicková, Für ihr große Oberweite bekannter ehemalige deutscher Pornostar (geb. 1969 in Tschechien)


(E?)(L?) http://www.max.de/pop-kultur/people/dolly-buster

Von der Porno-Darstellerin zur Pinselschwingerin: Auch in der Malerei spielt für Dolly Buster Erotik eine wichtige Rolle. "Sklave", "Rasiert" oder "Erregbar" heißen die Bilder der 36-jährigen Sexbombe, die nun erstmals in Düsseldorf präsentiert wurden
...


(E?)(L?) http://mizian.com.ne.kr/englishwiz/library/names/etymology_of_first_names.htm

"DOLLY" pet form of "DOROTHY"


(E?)(L?) http://www.netzine.de/category/d/

Dolly: Mit dem ersten geklonten Tier, dem Schaf Dolly, hat kurz vor Beginn des dritten Jahrtausends nach der Zeitenwende ein zweites Mal der Tanz um das Goldene Kalb angefangen. Da schon das erste Tänzchen vor drei- bis viertausend Jahren zum Zerbrechen der Gesetzestafeln geführt haben soll, ist damit zu rechnen, daß in kürze wieder hehre Normen den Bach runtergehen. Nebbich, nur so entwickeln sie sich weiter (vgl. Ethik, Moses).


The word "dolly" has been applied to a very large number of mechanical contrivances over the years, and it's not always possible to sort out how the various senses have developed.
The earliest of these senses, found in the late eighteenth century, refers to a "wooden device used to stir laundry in a washtub". In this case the device somewhat resembled a doll: it had two arms which a person held, and feet that stirred the clothes. There are several other dollys that are so named because of their resemblance to an actual doll, but most of them are fairly obscure now.
Some other dollys appear to be named because of their small size relative to related devices. For example, there is a dolly meaning 'a small locomotive operating on narrow-gauge tracks, esp. in quarries, on construction sites, etc'.
...
The word "dolly" is first recorded in the works of Ben Jonson in the early seventeenth century, as a nickname of "Dorothy". The other senses, including "a child's name for a doll", "a girl or woman", and those we've been discussing, which are all formed from "doll" and the diminutive suffix "-y", develop in the eighteenth century.


(E?)(L?) http://dictionary.reference.com/


(E?)(L?) http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/antenna/dolly/index.asp

Dolly the sheep, 1996-2003
Dolly the sheep became a scientific sensation when her birth was announced in 1997. Her relatively early death in February 2003 fuels the debate about the ethics of cloning research and the long-term health of clones.
What is it about Dolly that is so special? How was she created? And did she die young because she was a clone? ...


(E?)(L?) http://www.stern.de/lifestyle/leute/?id=514995

"Dolly Buster": Sündhaft erfolgreich


(E?)(L?) http://searchwincomputing.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid68_gci1136954,00.html

"Dolly", also called "Digital Dolly", is a program that can quickly clone (copy) drives to drives, drives to files, files to drives, or files to files. It is similar to the Symantec product known as "Ghost". "Dolly" can also clone entire disk partitions in block-wise fashion. "Dolly" can be used to clone the operating system of a computer to numerous others.
...
"Dolly" is named for a famous sheep of the same name, the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell. "Dolly" the sheep was born in 1996 at the Roslin Institute in Scotland and died just six years later. Her short life-span, possibly a result of the process, reinvigorated debate into the ethics of cloning.


(E1)(L1) http://www.wortwarte.de/

Dollymethode, die
... - sei es durch künstliche Befruchtung oder ungeschlechtlich mit Hilfe der "Dollymethode".
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.welt.de/fernsehen/article978592/Zu_Hause_bei_Dolly_Buster_und_dem_Sorgenhund_.html

„We are Family - Das Promi Special" kommt genauso locker-lässig daher wie sein prominentenloses Pendant. Doch obwohl leichte Unterhaltung versprochen wurde, taten sich in der Folge mit Ex-Pornostar "Dolly Buster" echte Abgründe auf.
...


(E?)(L1) http://www.who2.com/dollythesheep.html

Dolly the Sheep
"Dolly" was history's first cloned mammal. In February of 1997 it was announced that the biotechnology firm PPL Therapeutics and the Roslin Institute of Edinburgh, Scotland had successfully cloned a sheep, under the direction of Dr. Ian Wilmut. Cells from the udder (dt. "Euter") of a pregnant six year-old sheep were inserted into the uterus of another sheep to develop, and Dolly was born in July of 1996. (Her name was a sly nod to singer "Dolly Parton".)
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.widgetbox.com/widget/dollwizard

Here at dollwizard.com you can dress and make your own custom dolls good for roll playing or if you are just a creative mind..... See what you can make!


(E?)(L?) http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolly_Buster


(E?)(L?) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolly_Parton


(E?)(L?) http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolly_Parton


(E?)(L?) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolly_Sisters
Die "Dolly Sisters" traten als Tänzerinnen im "Casino de Paris" auf.


The "Dolly Sisters", twins Rosika (Rosie) and Jansci (Jenny) Deutsch, were born October 25, 1892 in Hungary, and emigrated to the United States in 1905. They perfected a single-sex "tandem" dance act - practicing in front of mirrors - under the name of 'The Dolly Sisters' that began earning money in beer halls as early as 1907. Barred by law from the New York City stage for being underage they toured the Orpheum circuit until 1909 when they debuted on the Keith vaudeville circuit till 1911 when they signed with the Ziegfeld Follies for two seasons.
...


(E1)(L1) http://www.word-detective.com/120398.html#dolly

How did the word "dolly" (a low flat wheeled frame for transporting heavy objects) get its name?
...
Tracing the origin of the wheeled sense of "dolly" starts off with a bit of a surprise. I had not, until now, realized that "Dolly" (the name), as well as "doll" and all its derivatives, started out as shortened forms of the name "Dorothy". Apparently it dates back to England in the 16th century, when someone (possibly a child) substituted "dol" for "dor". "Dolly" quickly became a common term applied generically to "lower-class women" (especially "prostitutes"), "pet animals", and, of course, to "doll" toys.

More importantly, "dolly" was also, as the Oxford English Dictionary puts it, "applied to various contrivances fancied to resemble a doll in some way". There was a wooden stirring apparatus called a "dolly" used to agitate clothes in a washtub. Mechanical "dollies" punched iron and made rivets. Small wooden forms covered with doe-skin used to polish watches were known as "dollies". And somewhere along about 1900, somebody decided that a small wheeled platform looked sufficiently like a "doll" (perhaps only in comparison to larger wagons and trucks) to be called a "dolly". "Dollies" have been with us ever since, one of their most important modern uses being to allow TV and movie cameras to be easily moved about.
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/site/dolly/

... "dolly", meaning a "rolling platform on casters" is American in origin, dating to about 1901.
...
"Dolly" is used prior to this to refer to several different devices and tools, however. The first of these was a "washtub agitator" that had four extensions and resembled a "doll" with arms and legs.
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.wsu.edu/~brians/errors/dolly.html

A "dolly" is a flat platform with wheels on it, often used to make heavy objects mobile, or by an auto mechanic lying on one under a car body. Many people mistakenly use this word to designate the vertically oriented two-wheeled device with upright handles and horizontal lip. This latter device is more properly called a "handcart" or "hand truck".
(E?)(L?) http://www.zoope.com/d/d_names.html

"Dolly", greek "divine gift" = "Geschenk Gottes".


E

F

family-crests
A glossary of abbreviations found in genealogy

(E?)(L?) http://www.family-crests.com/index.asp?PageAction=Custom&ID=53


G

GEDCOM (W3)

Dt. "GEDCOM" steht für "GEnealogical Data COMmunications" und bezeichnet ein standardisisertes Dateiformat für den Datenaustausch zwischen Genealogie-Programmen und entsprechenden Online-Angeboten.

(E?)(L?) http://www.family-crests.com/index.asp?PageAction=Custom&ID=53


(E?)(L?) http://filext.com/file-extension/GEDCOM


(E?)(L?) http://www.guide-genealogie.com/guide/sommaire.html
Format gedcom

(E?)(L?) http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/GEDCOM


(E1)(L1) http://ngrams.googlelabs.com/graph?corpus=0&content=GEDCOM
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Dt. "GEDCOM" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1980 auf.

Erstellt: 2011-09

H

heritage (W3)

Engl. "heritage" (1200) = dt. "Erbe" geht über altfrz. "iritage", "eritage", "heritage", "heriter" zurück auf spätlat. "hereditare", lat. "heres", gen. lat. "heredis" = dt. "Erbe", ("Nachfolger").

Als Wurzel findet man ide. "*ghe-" = dt. "lee sein", "zurück gelassen" (vgl. griech. "khera" = dt. "Witwe").

Dt. "Liste der Weltkulturgüter" = engl. "world heritage".

(E?)(L?) http://www.anglo-norman.net/gate/

"heritage", "heritaige"; "heiritage"; "heretage"; "eritage" ("haritage"; "hertage" Lett & Pet 13.12; "hiretage" Foedera iii 602; "hyretage" Engl Dip Pract 626; pl. "iretages" Foedera i 657)
s.
1 "heritage", inheritance; inherited property or inherited land
2 the right of inheriting
3 lineage, hereditary (right of) succession
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.bahnurlaub.de/zugliste.php


(E?)(L?) http://www.bahnurlaub.de/zug_details459.html

Heritage on Wheels - Bahnreisen

Erleben Sie einen Rausch der Farben an Bord des neuen „Heritage on Wheels“! Der moderne Schmalspur-Luxuszug, der seit Februar 2006 in Betrieb ist, bringt Sie in die nahezu unerforschten Gebiete Bikaner und Shekhawati im Wüstenstaat Rajastan.
...


(E?)(L1) http://www.cigarettespedia.com/
"Heritage" gibt es auch als Zigarettenmarke.

(E?)(L?) http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/index.html

Australia's heritage


(E?)(L?) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=heritage


(E?)(L1) http://www.gutenberg.org/browse/authors/g

Grey, Zane, 1872-1939: Heritage of the Desert (English) (as Author)


(E1)(L1) http://www.onelook.com/?w=heritage&loc=wotd


(E2)(L1) http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/heritage


(E?)(L1) http://www.top40db.net/Find/Songs.asp?By=Year&ID=1990

Heritage - by Earth, Wind & Fire feat The Boys


(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=0&content=heritage
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "heritage" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1580 auf.

Erstellt: 2012-07

I

J

K

L

M

mentalfloss.com
How Do Generations Get Their Names?

(E?)(L?) http://mentalfloss.com/article/59963/how-do-generations-get-their-names

...
There is no single or even typical way that generations historically get their names, because lumping everyone who's roughly the same age together is a relatively new phenomenon.
...


Erstellt: 2015-02

N

O

P

Q

R

race (W3)

(E?)(L?) http://www.sfbayview.com/090804/theanatomy090804.shtml

...
For example, in most dictionaries, there are two definitions of the word "race". The first, "A contest of speed", came into the English language about 700 years ago, deriving from the Icelandic word "ras", meaning "a running or strong current". Then there’s the second definition of the word race, "A division of all human beings", which came into the English language about 450 years ago, originating from the Italian word "razza".

It seems to me that the first definition of the word "race" evolved into the second definition. That would clarify the term "human race" as a competition of conquest initiated by the Europeans for which ethnic group would rule and dominate the world, without the consent of the rest of humanity.
...


S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z