Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
UK Vereinigtes Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland, Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda del Norte, Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne et d'Irlande du Nord, Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna e Irlanda del Nord, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Präfix, Prefijo, Préfixe, Prefisso, Prefix

Hinweis

Präfixe und Suffixe sind oft keine feststehenden Eigenschaften von Etymons (wörtlich: "das Wahre"), Stammwörtern. Viele der auf dieser Seite aufgeführten Präfixe / Suffixe können in einigen Beispielen auch ans andere Wortende wandern. Ich habe die Etymons in die Kategorie aufgenommen, in der sie meines Erachtens am häufigsten zu finden sind.

Selbstverständlich können fast alle diese Etymons - gerade in deutschen Wortkombinationen - auch als Infixe auftreten.

Um dem mehrfachen Vorkommen der Etymons Rechnung zu tragen habe ich sie (weitgehend) einheitlich mit "-etymon-" gekennzeichnet.

A

about.com
Common Prefixes in English

(E?)(L?) http://grammar.about.com/od/words/a/comprefix07.htm

...
A prefix is a letter or a group of letters attached to the beginning of a word that partly indicates its meaning. For example, the word prefix itself begins with a prefix "-pre-", which generally means "before".

Understanding the meanings of the common prefixes can help us deduce the meanings of new words that we encounter. But be careful: some prefixes (such as "-in-") have more than one meaning (in this example, "not" and "into").

The table below defines and illustrates 35 common prefixes.
...


Erstellt: 2010-03

-ad- (W3)

Der Präfix engl. "ad-" = "to", "by", "at", altengl. "æt" = engl. "at", kann im Deutschen - je nach Kontext - verschieden wiedergegeben werden, etwa als "an-", "be-", "bei", "bis zu", "dabei-", "dazu", "dazu-", "er-", "etwa", "für (eine Zeit von ...)", "gegen", "gemäß", "heran-", "hinsichtlich", "hinzu-", "in Bezug auf", "nach", "nach ("in Richtung von")", "um", "ver-", "zu-", "zudem". Auch im Englischen kann es verschiedene Bedeutungen haben, wie etwa "in addition to", "in direction toward". Es geht zurück auf lat. "ad" = "gegen", "hin", "nach", "zu". Die postulierte ide. Form ist "*ad" (auch: "*hed-") = "bei", "nahe", "zu".

Obwohl schon sehr kurz kann die Vorsilbe noch verschieden Formen annehmen. So erscheint sie vor "sc-", "sp-" und "st-" nur noch als "a-". Vor vielen Konsonanten nimmt sie die Form "ac-" an oder verwandelt sich gar in "af-" ("affection"), "ag-" ("aggression"), "al-" und andere Varianten.

(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/a/index.html


(E?)(L?) http://www.english-for-students.com/Etymology.html


(E?)(L?) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=ad-


(E?)(L?) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=ad-


(E?)(L?) http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=ad-


affixes
Dictionary of Affixes

(E?)(L?) http://www.affixes.org/

This dictionary contains more than 1,250 entries, illustrated by some 10,000 examples, all defined and explained.

It is based on Michael Quinion’s book Ologies and Isms: Word Beginnings and Endings, published by Oxford University Press in 2002. This work is now out of print and has been edited and presented here as a free service. The plan is to add more entries and examples as time permits as well as improving the thematic index.

These pages contain examples of all four of the types of affixes that appear in English: "prefixes", "suffixes", "combining forms" and "infixes". For more, see the page about Types of affix.

For more about the site, see the Introduction. For more about the author, see the page About the author.


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/a/index.html

-a Index of letter A- -a- -ab- -abdomin- -abdomino- -able- -abs- -ac- -acal- -acanth- -acantho- -acar- -acaro- -acea- -aceae- -acean- -aceous- -acet- -aceto- -acid- -acido- -acious- -acoust- -acousto- -acr- -acro- -acryl- -acrylo- -actin- -actino- -acusis- -acy- -ade- -aden- -adeno- -adip- -adipo- -ado- -adren- -adreno- -ae- -aemia- -aer- -aero- -af- -afore- -Afro- -ag- -age- -agogue- -agra- -agro- -aholic- -aire- -akusis- -al- -alb- -aldo- -ales- -algia- -algo- -alia- -ality- -all- -allo- -alumin- -alumino- -ama- -ambi- -amid- -amido- -amino- -amnio- -amph- -amphi- -amyl- -amylo- -an- -an- -an- -ana- -ana- -ance- -anchylo- -and- -andr- -andro- -androus- -ane- -anem- -anemo- -aneous- -angi- -angio- -angium- -Anglo- -anis- -aniso- -ankylo- -ant- -ant- -ante- -antero- -anth- -antho- -anthrac- -anthraco- -anthrop- -anthropo- -anthropy- -anti- -ap- -apic- -apico- -apo- -après- -aqua- -ar- -arachn- -arachno- -arama- -arbor- -arbori- -arch- -arch- -archaeo- -arche- -archy- -areo- -argent- -argento- -arian- -arious- -arium- -aroo- -arsen- -arseno- -art- -arteri- -arterio- -arthr- -arthro- -ary- -as- -asc- -asco- -ase- -asis- -ast- -aster- -astr- -astro- -at- -ata- -atable- -ate- -ateria- -ather- -athero- -athon- -ati- -atic- -atile- -ation- -ative- -ator- -atory- -atto- -audi- -audio- -aur- -auri- -Austr- -Austro- -aut- -auto- -aux- -auxo- -avi- -axo- -az- -azo- -azole-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/b/index.html

-b Index of letter B- -bacill- -bacter- -bacteri- -bacterio- -baro- -basi- -basidio- -bathy- -be- -bene- -benz- -benzo- -bi- -biblio- -bili- -bility- -bin- -bio- -biosis- -bis- -blast- -blasto- -ble- -blephar- -blepharo- -bor- -boro- -bot- -botry- -botryo- -brachi- -brachio- -brachy- -brady- -branchio- -Brit- -brom- -bromo- -bronch- -broncho- -bryo- -bucco- -but- -by-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/c/index.html

-c Index of letter C- -cac- -caco- -cade- -calc- -calci- -calli- -carb- -carbo- -carboxy- -carcino- -cardi- -cardial- -cardio- -cardium- -carp- -caryo- -cat- -cata- -cele- -celo- -cene- -centesis- -centi- -centr- -centri- -centric- -centro- -cephal- -cephalic- -cephalo- -cephalous- -cerato- -cerebr- -cerebro- -cervic- -cervico- -cet- -ceto- -chaet- -chaete- -chaeto- -chalc- -chalco- -cheil- -cheilo- -cheiro- -chel- -cheli- -chem- -chemo- -chete- -chili- -chilo- -chiro- -chlor- -chloro- -choan- -choano- -chol- -chole- -chondr- -chondro- -chori- -chorio- -Christo- -chroic- -chrom- -chromato- -chrome- -chromo- -chron- -chronic- -chrono- -chrony- -chrys- -chryso- -cide- -cine- -cion- -circum- -cirr- -cirro- -cis- -clad- -clado- -clase- -cle- -clinic- -clino- -co- -cocci- -coccus- -coel- -coel- -coelo- -col- -col- -colo- -colous- -colpo- -com- -contra- -copro- -cor- -core- -cosmo- -cost- -costo- -counter- -cracy- -crani- -cranio- -cross- -cryo- -crypt- -crypto- -cryso- -crystall- -crystallo- -cten- -cteno- -cule- -culture- -culus- -cupr- -cupro- -cy- -cyan- -cyano- -cyber- -cyclo- -cyno- -cyst- -cysto- -cyte- -cyto-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/d/index.html

-d Index of letter D- -D- -dacryo- -dactyl- -dactyl- -dactylo- -dactyly- -de- -dec- -deca- -decem- -deci- -decker- -dehydro- -delic- -demi- -demo- -demon- -demono- -dendro- -dendron- -dent- -denti- -deoxy- -derm- -derma- -dermat- -dermato- -desm- -desmo- -deuter- -deutero- -dextr- -dextro- -di- -di- -dia- -diazo- -dich- -dichloro- -dicho- -dictyo- -dif- -digit- -digiti- -dihydro- -dihydroxy- -dino- -dioic- -dione- -diplo- -dis- -disco- -dithio- -docu- -dodec- -dodeca- -dolicho- -dom- -dont- -dors- -dorsi- -dox- -drom- -drome- -dromo- -du- -duodeci- -duoden- -duodeno- -dynam- -dynamo- -dynia- -dys-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/e/index.html

-e Index of letter E- -e- -ean- -ec- -echin- -echino- -eco- -ecto- -ectomy- -ed- -ee- -een- -eer- -ef- -eicos- -eigen- -ein- -eka- -el- -elast- -elasto- -electr- -electro- -ella- -elle- -ellum- -em- -embryo- -eme- -emia- -emic- -en- -en- -enantio- -ence- -encephalo- -enchyma- -ency- -end- -end- -endo- -endum- -ene- -enne- -ennea- -ennium- -eno- -ent- -ent- -ent- -enter- -entero- -ento- -entom- -entomo- -eo- -eous- -ep- -epi- -equi- -er- -erati- -erel- -ergic- -ergo- -erie- -eroo- -erot- -eroto- -ers- -ery- -erythro- -es- -esce- -ese- -esis- -esophago- -esque- -ess- -est- -et- -eteria- -eth- -ethno- -ethox- -ethoxy- -etic- -etidine- -ette- -eu- -Eur- -Euro- -eury- -ex- -exa- -exbi- -exo- -extra- -extro- -ey-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/f/index.html

-f Index of letter F- -faci- -facient- -facio- -faction- -falc- -fasci- -fascio- -fashion- -febr- -febri- -femor- -femoro- -femto- -fer- -fera- -ferous- -ferr- -ferri- -ferro- -fest- -feto- -fibr- -fibrino- -fibro- -fic- -fication- -fid- -Finno- -flation- -flationary- -flav- -flavo- -flop- -flor- -flori- -florous- -fluor- -fluoro- -fluvi- -fluvio- -foeto- -fold- -for- -fore- -form- -formes- -Franco- -franken- -free- -fronto- -fruct- -fructi- -fuge- -ful- -fung- -fungi- -fy-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/g/index.html

-g Index of letter G- -galact- -galacto- -Gallo- -galvan- -galvano- -gam- -gamo- -gamy- -ganglio- -gastr- -gastro- -gen- -geo- -Germano- -geront- -geronto- -gerous- -geusia- -gibi- -giga- -gigant- -giganto- -gingiv- -gingivo- -glacio- -glio- -globin- -gloss- -glossia- -glosso- -glot- -glotto- -gluco- -glut- -gluteo- -glyc- -glyco- -gnath- -gnatho- -gnomy- -gnosis- -gogue- -gon- -gon- -gon- -gonado- -gonio- -gonium- -gono- -gony- -grade- -Graeco- -gram- -grand- -grano- -granulo- -graph- -grapho- -graphy- -gravi- -great- -Greco- -gymn- -gymno- -gynaeco- -gynous- -gyro-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/h/index.html

-h Index of letter H- -haem- -haemia- -haemo- -hagi- -hagio- -hal- -halo- -haplo- -hapt- -hapto- -head- -hect- -hecto- -hedron- -hekto- -heli- -helic- -helico- -helio- -hema- -hemi- -hemia- -hemo- -hendeca- -hepat- -hepato- -hepta- -hernio- -hetero- -hex- -hexa- -Hibern- -Hiberno- -hidro- -hier- -hiero- -hind- -hipp- -hippo- -Hispan- -Hispano- -hist- -histo- -hol- -holic- -holo- -hom- -homeo- -homo- -hood- -hyal- -hyalo- -hydr- -hydr- -hydro- -hydroxy- -hygr- -hygro- -hylo- -hymen- -hymeno- -hyper- -hypn- -hypno- -hypo- -hypso- -hyster- -hystero-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/i/index.html

-i Index of letter I- -i- -ia- -iac- -ial- -ian- -iana- -iasis- -iast- -iatric- -iatro- -iatry- -Ibero- -ibility- -ic- -ice- -ichthyo- -ician- -ick- -icle- -icono- -icos- -ics- -id- -ida- -idae- -ideo- -ides- -idine- -idio- -idium- -ie- -ienne- -ier- -ifera- -iferous- -ific- -ification- -iform- -iformes- -ify- -igerous- -ile- -ile- -ileo- -ili- -ilio- -ility- -ily- -im- -im- -imeter- -imid- -imido- -immuno- -in- -in- -ina- -inae- -ind- -indi- -Indo- -ine- -iness- -infra- -ing- -ino- -ino- -inter- -intra- -intro- -iod- -iodo- -ion- -ior- -ious- -ique- -ir- -irid- -iridine- -irido- -is- -isation- -ischio- -ise- -ish- -ism- -iso- -ison- -ist- -ista- -it- -Italo- -ite- -itic- -ition- -itious- -itis- -itive- -itol- -ity- -ium- -ive- -ivore-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/jk/index.html

-j Index of letters JK- -jejun- -jejuno- -Judaeo- -juxta- -k Index of letters JK- -karyo- -kata- -kerat- -kerato- -ket- -keto- -kibi- -kilo- -kin- -kinesio- -kinesis- -kineto- -kinin- -klepto- -klino- -kypho-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/l/index.html

-l Index of letter L- -L- -labi- -labio- -lact- -lacto- -laevo- -lagnia- -lalia- -lamelli- -lamin- -lamino- -lapar- -laparo- -laryng- -laryngo- -latero- -latry- -le- -lecith- -lecithal- -lecitho- -lect- -leio- -lent- -lepid- -lepido- -lepsis- -lepsy- -lept- -lepto- -less- -let- -leuc- -leuco- -levo- -ligno- -limn- -limno- -ling- -lip- -lipo- -lite- -lith- -lith- -lith- -lithic- -litho- -log- -loger- -logical- -logist- -logo- -logue- -logy- -lopho- -lumbo- -lute- -luteo- -ly- -lymph- -lympho- -lyo- -lys- -lys- -lysis- -lyso-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/m/index.html

-m Index of letter M- -m- -machy- -macro- -magn- -magneto- -magni- -mal- -malacia- -malaco- -Malayo- -male- -mamm- -mammo- -man- -mancy- -mane- -mangan- -mangano- -manship- -mast- -masto- -matr- -matri- -maxi- -maxillo- -mebi- -mechano- -medico- -medio- -meg- -mega- -megaly- -meio- -meister- -melan- -melano- -melia- -mening- -meningo- -meno- -ment- -mer- -mercapto- -mero- -merous- -mesio- -meso- -met- -meta- -metall- -metallo- -meter- -meth- -metho- -methoxy- -metr- -metr- -metre- -metric- -metro- -metropia- -micro- -mid- -midi- -milli- -mini- -mio- -mis- -mis- -miso- -mo- -mon- -monas- -monger- -mono- -mony- -morph- -morph- -morph- -morpha- -morphic- -morpho- -morphosis- -most- -muco- -multi- -multiples- -musculo- -my- -my- -myc- -myc- -myces- -myceto- -mycin- -myco- -mycota- -myel- -myelo- -myo- -myring- -myringo- -myrmeco- -mytho- -myx- -myxo-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/n/index.html

-n Index of letter N- -n- -nap- -naphth- -naphtho- -narco- -nas- -naso- -nasty- -natro- -naut- -necro- -nega- -nemat- -nemato- -neo- -nepho- -nephr- -nephro- -ness- -neur- -neuro- -neutr- -neutro- -nigr- -nigro- -nik- -nitr- -nitro- -noci- -noct- -nocti- -nomic- -nomo- -nomy- -non- -nona- -noo- -nor- -normo- -noso- -nuci- -nucleo- -nudi- -nulli- -number prefixes- -number words- -nyct- -nycto- -nym-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/o/index.html

-o Index of letter O- -o- -oario- -ob- -occipito- -ock- -ocracy- -oculo- -ode- -odont- -odont- -odontics- -odonto- -odynia- -oen- -oeno- -oesophag- -oesophago- -of- -ogen- -ography- -oholic- -oic- -oid- -oides- -ol- -ola- -olatry- -ole- -oleo- -olidine- -olig- -oligo- -ological- -ologist- -ology- -oma- -ombro- -ome- -ometer- -ometry- -omni- -omphal- -omphalo- -on- -onco- -one- -oneir- -oneiro- -onic- -ont- -onto- -onychia- -onycho- -onym- -oo- -oon- -oophor- -oophoro- -op- -opedia- -ophi- -ophio- -ophthalm- -ophthalmo- -opia- -opistho- -opsia- -opsis- -opsy- -opto- -or- -orama- -orchid- -orchido- -organo- -orial- -orium- -ornith- -ornitho- -oro- -ortho- -ory- -os- -oscope- -osis- -osity- -osmia- -osmo- -oste- -osteo- -ostomy- -otic- -oto- -otomy- -our- -ous- -out- -ovari- -ovario- -over- -ovi- -ox- -oxa- -oxy- -oyl- -ozoa-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/p/index.html

-p Index of letter P- -p- -pachy- -paed- -paedia- -paedo- -pagus- -palae- -palaeo- -palato- -pali- -palin- -pan- -pancreat- -pancreato- -panto- -papillo- -papulo- -par- -para- -parieto- -parous- -partheno- -path- -path- -patho- -pathy- -patr- -patri- -pebi- -ped- -ped- -pedi- -pedia- -pedo- -pelvi- -pen- -pene- -penia- -pent- -penta- -per- -percenter- -perchloro- -peri- -pero- -peroxy- -person- -peta- -petal- -petro- -pexy- -phaco- -phaeo- -phag- -phago- -phagy- -phallo- -phane- -phanero- -pharmac- -pharmaco- -pharyng- -pharyngo- -phasia- -phen- -pheno- -phil- -phile- -philo- -phleb- -phlebo- -phon- -phone- -phono- -phony- -phore- -phosph- -phospho- -photo- -phrenia- -phyceae- -phyco- -phyl- -phyll- -phyll- -phyllo- -phylo- -phyre- -physi- -physico- -physio- -physo- -phyte- -phyto- -pico- -picr- -picro- -piezo- -pil- -pilo- -pinn- -pinni- -pisc- -pisci- -pithecus- -placo- -plagio- -plan- -plano- -plasm- -plasm- -plasmo- -plast- -plasty- -platin- -platino- -platy- -plegia- -pleo- -pleur- -pleuro- -plex- -plio- -ploid- -ploitation- -plumb- -plumbo- -pluri- -pneumo- -pnoea- -pod- -pod- -podo- -poiesis- -poikilo- -polio- -polis- -politico- -poly- -por- -porno- -poro- -post- -postero- -prae- -praxia- -pre- -preter- -pro- -proct- -procto- -prop- -pros- -proso- -prosop- -prosopo- -prote- -proteo- -proto- -pseud- -pseudo- -psilo- -psych- -psycho- -ptera- -pterido- -ptero- -pteryg- -pterygo- -ptyalo- -pur- -py- -py- -pycn- -pycno- -pyel- -pyelo- -pyg- -pygo- -pylor- -pyloro- -pyo- -pyr- -pyro-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/q/index.html

-q Index of letter Q- -quadr- -quadri- -quasi- -quin- -quinqu- -quinque- -quint- -quinti-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/r/index.html

-r Index of letter R- -rach- -rachi- -radio- -rama- -raphy- -re- -rect- -recti- -recto- -rel- -ren- -reni- -reticulo- -retin- -retino- -retro- -rhabdo- -rhagia- -rhea- -rheo- -rhin- -rhino- -rhizo- -rhodo- -rhyncho- -roentgeno- -Romano- -rrhagia- -rrhaphy- -rrhoea- -Russo- -ry-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/s/index.html

-s Index of letter S- -s'- -s- -sacchar- -saccharo- -sacr- -sacro- -salping- -salpingo- -san- -sangui- -sapro- -sarc- -sarco- -saur- -saur- -sauro- -saurus- -scape- -scaph- -scapho- -scapul- -scapulo- -scato- -schisto- -schiz- -schizo- -scler- -sclero- -scope- -scot- -Scoto- -scyph- -scypho- -se- -seb- -sebo- -sect- -seism- -seismo- -selen- -selen- -seleno- -self- -semi- -semio- -sepalous- -sept- -septi- -Serbo- -seric- -sero- -sesqui- -seti- -sex- -sexi- -ship- -sial- -sialo- -sider- -sidero- -silic- -silico- -sin- -sinistr- -sinistro- -sino- -sion- -siphon- -siphono- -sis- -sito- -Slavo- -smith- -soever- -sol- -somat- -somato- -some- -something- -somn- -somni- -son- -sono- -sophy- -sory- -sous- -spasmo- -speak- -spectr- -spectro- -sperm- -spermat- -spermato- -sphaero- -sphen- -spheno- -spher- -sphere- -sphero- -sphingo- -sphygm- -sphygmo- -spin- -spini- -spir- -spir- -spiro- -splanchn- -splanchno- -splen- -spleno- -spondyl- -spondylo- -spongio- -spor- -spore- -sporo- -squam- -squamo- -st- -stann- -stanno- -staphyl- -staphylo- -stasis- -stat- -stato- -steat- -steato- -stego- -steno- -step- -ster- -ster- -sterco- -stercor- -stereo- -stern- -sterno- -sterol- -sterone- -stib- -stibo- -stomat- -stomato- -stome- -stomy- -strat- -strati- -strepto- -stress- -style- -stylo- -sub- -sulph- -sulpha- -sulpho- -sup- -super- -supra- -sur- -sus- -sy- -syn- -synchro- -syndesmo- -syring- -syringo- -sys-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/t/index.html

-t Index of letter T- -t- -tach- -tacho- -tachy- -tactic- -taeni- -talo- -tard- -tarso- -tastic- -tauro- -tauto- -taxi- -taxis- -taxo- -taxy- -tebi- -technics- -techno- -tectono- -teen- -tele- -teleo- -tellur- -telluro- -telo- -temporo- -tendino- -tene- -teno- -tephr- -tephro- -ter- -tera- -terato- -teria- -tetan- -tetano- -tetr- -tetra- -th- -thalam- -thalamo- -thalasso- -thall- -thallo- -thanato- -thaumato- -thelium- -theo- -theri- -theria- -therio- -therium- -therm- -therm- -thermo- -thermy- -thio- -thon- -thorac- -thoraco- -thrombo- -thym- -thymia- -thymo- -thyro- -tibio- -tic- -tide- -tion- -tious- -titano- -toco- -tome- -tomy- -tonia- -tono- -topia- -topo- -tor- -tory- -tox- -toxi- -trache- -tracheo- -trans- -tri- -trib- -tribo- -trice- -tricho- -trichous- -triene- -trito- -trix- -trocho- -tron- -trope- -troph- -trophic- -tropho- -tropic- -tropism- -tropo- -tropous- -tropy- -tubo- -tude- -turbo- -Turco- -ty- -tympan- -tympano-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/u/index.html

-u Index of letter U- -ual- -uber- -ubility- -ula- -ule- -ulent- -ulno- -ulose- -ulous- -ultra- -un- -uncle- -undec- -undeca- -under- -unnil- -uous- -up- -up- -ur- -ur- -uran- -urano- -ure- -uret- -ureter- -uretero- -urethr- -urethro- -urgy- -uria- -urino- -uro- -uter- -utero- -ution-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/v/index.html

-v Index of letter V- -vagin- -vagino- -vago- -valent- -varico- -vas- -vaso- -ven- -veno- -ventricul- -ventriculo- -vermi- -vesic- -vesico- -vibro- -vice- -viginti- -ville- -vin- -vini- -vir- -viro- -viscero- -visco- -visuo- -vitell- -vitelli- -vitr- -vitro- -vivi- -vore- -vulv- -vulvo-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/w/index.html

-w Index of letter W- -ward- -ware- -ways- -wide- -wise- -with- -woman- -womanship- -word- -work- -worthy-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/x/index.html

-x Index of letter X- -x- -xantho- -xeno- -xero- -xion- -xiph- -xipho- -xylo-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/y/index.html

-y Index of letter Y- -y- -yer- -yester- -yl- -ylene- -yne- -yocto- -yotta-


(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/z/index.html

-z Index of letter Z- -zepto- -zetta- -zoa- -zoic- -zoo- -zoon- -zygo- -zym- -zymo-


Erstellt: 2010-07

alehrer
Prefixes in English Word Formation

(E?)(L?) http://dingo.sbs.arizona.edu/~alehrer/research/Prefixes%20in%20English%20word%20formation.pdf


Erstellt: 2010-03

B

C

chir.ag
Tip of My Tongue
Find words with ...

(E?)(L1) http://chir.ag/projects/tip-of-my-tongue/
Wenn man englische Wörter sucht mit einem bestimmten String am Anfang in der Mitte oder am Ende, die bestimmte Buchstaben enthalten oder nicht enthalten, Wörter mit bestimmten bedeutungen oder Wörter mit einer Mindestlänge oder Maximallänge, dann kann man hier fündig werden.

Find that word that you've been thinking about all day but just can't seem to remember.




Erstellt: 2014-03

chudler
Prefixes to Commonly Used Terms in Neuroscience

(E?)(L?) http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/neuropre.html

PREFIX - MEANING
ab- - away from | acou- - hear | act- - do, act | ad-, aff- - to | aden- - gland | aer- - air, gas | alg- - pain | alve- - tough | ambi- - both sides | andr- - man | angi- - blood vessel, duct | ante- - before | anti- - against, counter | arachn- - spider | arch- - beginning, origin | arthr- - joint | articul- - joint | audi- - hearing | aur- - ear | ax-, axon- - axis | bar- - weight | bi- - two, double | blast- - bud | brachi- - arm | brady- - slow | capit- - head | cata- - down | caud- - tail | cell- - cell, room | centr- - center | cephal- - head | cerv- - neck | chord- - string, cord | chro- - color | chron- - time | contra- - against, counter | corpus- - body | crani- - skull | cry- - cold | cut- - skin | dendr- - tree | dent- - tooth | derm- - skin | dors- - back | dys- - bad, improper | ect- - outside | electr- - amber | encephal- - brain | end- - inside | epi- - upon, after | esthe- - feel, perceive | eu- - good, normal | exo- - outside | extra- - outside of, beyond | fibr- - fibrous, fibers | glom- - little ball | gloss- - tongue | graph- - write, scratch | hemi- - half | hyper- - above, beyond, extreme | hypno- - sleep | hypo- - below, under | inflamm- - setting on fire | infra- - beneath | inter- - among, between | intra- - inside | lingu- - tongue | medi- - middle | mega- - large | meningo- - membrane | mes- - middle | meta- - beyond | micro- - small | multi- - many | ophthalm- - eye | para- - beside, beyond | peri- - around | phag- - eat | phon- - sound | phot- - light | poly- - many | retro- - backwards | somat- - body | sub- - under, below | supra- - above | tel- - end


D

E

english-for-students
Word Roots

(E?)(L?) http://www.english-for-students.com/Etymology.html

Etymology is the scientific study of the origin of words. This etymological study improves your vocabulary.
The strong vocabulary gives you Etymology is not only a science, but also an art in that the beauty of the building of the words is understood.Convinced that memorizing lists of words is both difficult and unrewarding, we have developed this exclusive page on Etymology, the direct and successful method of vocabulary-building, based on the ROOT-WORDS and the proper Etymology of the ENGLISH words.

In this page on Etymology Etymology is the best method to strengthen our command over English Language.By using your knowledge of familiar words, you will soon master the secret of vocabulary building, starting with the thousands of words in this page.

One ROOT-WORD a day will open the door to mastery of the ENGLISH language. I guarantee that if you learn only the ROOT-WORDS, you will become familiar with thousands of words which we use regularly.Do not try to memorize them. Merely read and understand. Then use the words in your daily conversations and writing.Soon, your vocabulary will expand greatly.Etymology is the best method to strengthen our command over English Language. The Canons of Etymology will make the points clear.

| -ab- | -able- | -abs- | -ac- | -acer- | -acid- | -acri- | -ad(to)- | -ada- | -ade- | -af- | -ag- | -age- | -agi- | -ago- | -al- | -ali- | -allo- | -alter- | -amb- | -ambi- | -amphi- | -an- (native) | -an- (not) | -ana- | -ance- | -ancy- | -anni- | -annu- | -ant- | -ante- | -anthrop- | -anti- | -apo- | -ar- | -arch- | -ary- | -as- | -asis- | -aster- | -astro- | -ata- | -ate- | -aud- | -aus- | -aut- | -auto- | -be- | -bene- | -bi- | -bin- | -bio- | -bis- | -bon- | -boun- |

| -calor- | -cap- | -capit- | -capt- | -cata- | -cause- | -cede- | -ceed- | -cep- | -cept- | -cess- | -chrom- | -chron- | -cian- | -cide- | -circ- | -circum- | -civ- | -civil- | -cise- | -claim- | -clam- | -clud- | -clus- | -cognosc- | -con- | -coni- | -cor- | -cord- | -corp- | -corpor- | -cour- | -court- | -crea- | -cred- | -cub- | -cule- | -cumb- | -cus- | -cuse- | -cycl- | -cyclo- | -di- | -de- | -dem- | -demi- | -demo- | -dent- | -dia- | -dic- | -dict- | -dis- | -dom- | -dont- | -dorm- | -drome- | -dromos- | -duc- | -duce- | -duct- | -dyn- | -dyna- | -dynam- | -dynamo- |

| -e- | -ec- | -ee- | -ef- | -en- (into) | -en- (made of) | -ence- | -ency- | -end- | -endo- | -enni- | -em- | -epi- | -er- | -ery- | -esis- | -eu- | -ex- | -fac- | -fact- | -fect- | -feal- | -feder- | -fer- | -fic- | -fid- | -fide- | -fila- | -fili- | -fin- | -finis- | -fix- | -flect- | -flex- | -flu- | -fluc- | -fluv- | -flux- | -forc- | -fort- | -fortuna- | -ful- | -fum- | -fy- | -gen- | -ge- | -geo- | -germ- | -gest- | -gnosi- | -grad- | -grav- | -gravi- | -gravito- | -graph- | -grat- | -gred- | -greg- | -gress- |

| -hab- | -habit- | -helio- | -hema- | -hemi- | -hemo- | -hydr- | -hydra- | -hydro- | -hyper- | -hum- | -human- | -hypn- | -hypno- | -hypo- | -ian- | -ible- | -ic- | -icle- | -ile- | -in- (not) | -in- | -im- (not) | -im- (into) | -ine- | -intellect- | -intellig- | -inter- | -intra- | -intro- | -ion- | -ir- | -ish- | -ism- | -ist- | -ite- | -ity- | -ive- | -jac- | -jec- | -ject- | -join- | -jud- | -judi- | -judic- | -junct- | -jur- | -jus- | -koni- |

| -laut- | -lav- | -- | -leg- | -less- | -liber- | -lic- | -licit- | -ling- | -lit- | -liter- | -litera- | -letter- | -liver- | -loc- | -loc- | -loco- | -log- | -logo- | -loqu- | -loqui- | -lot- | -luc- | -lum- | -lun- | -lus- | -lut- | -ly- | -macro- | -magn- | -magna- | -magni- | -mal- | -man- | -manu- | -mar- | -mari- | -matri- | -matric- | -matro- | -medi- | -mega- | -megalo- | -ment- | -mem- | -mer- | -meter- | -micro- | -migra- | -mis- | -miss- | -mit- | -mitt- | -miso- | -mob- | -mon- | -mono- | -mons- | -monstr- | -monstri- | -mori- | -mors- | -mort- | -mot- | -mov- | -multi- | -multus- | -must- |

| -nasc- | -nat- | -neo- | -ness- | -neur- | -non- | -nounc- | -nov- | -number- | -numer- | -nunc- | -nunci- | -ob- | -oc- | -of- | -oid- | -ology- | -omni- | -op- | -osis- | -oss- | -osteo- | -pan- | -para- | -pater- | -patr- | -pel- | -per- | -peri- | -photo- | -pict- | -picto- | -plac- | -plais- | -plu- | -plur- | -plus- | -pneum- | -pneuma- | -pneumon- | -poly- | -pon- | -pop- | -portion- | -pos- | -poss- | -posse- | -post- | -poten- | -potes- | -poun- | -pre- | -prim- | -prime- | -pro- | -puls- | -opus- | -oper- | -or- | -ory- | -ous- | -ped- | -pen- | -pend- | -phil- | -phila- | -phile- | -philo- | -pod- | -port- | -pseudo- | -punct- | -put- | -re- | -rect- | -recti- | -ri- | -ridi- | -risi- | -rog- | -roga- |

| -sangui- | -sat- | -satis- | -- | -scope- | -scrib- | -scrip- | -se- | -semi- | -sesqui- | -ship- | -sign- | -signi- | -silic- | -simil- | -simul- | -sion- | -sist- | -soph- | -spec- | -spect- | -spectro- | -sphere- | -spond- | -spons- | -sta- | -stereo- | -stet- | -stit- | -stru- | -struct- | -sub- | -sum- | -sume- | -sump- | -super- | -supr- | -supra- | -sur- | -syl- | -sym- | -syn- | -sys- | -tact- | -tag- | -tain- | -tang- | -techn- | -techni- | -technic- | -techny- | -tempo- | -tempor- | -ten- | -tend- | -tens- | -tent- | -tent- | -test- | -the- | -theo- | -tig- | -ting- | -tinu- | -tion- | -tra- | -tract- | -trah- | -trans- | -trib- | -tui- | -tuit- | -tut- | -tude- | -ty- |

| -ult- | -ultim- | -ultima- | -un- | -ure- | -vac- | -val- | -vali- | -vale- | -valu- | -ven- | -veni- | -vent- | -ver- | -veri- | -vers- | -vert- | -vest- | -vic- | -vicis- | -vict- | -vinc- | -vid- | -vis- | -viv- | -vivi- | -vita- | -ultra- | -voc- | -volcan- | -vok- | -vulcan- | -y- |


Erstellt: 2010-03

F

G

H

I

-il- (W3)

to express the opposite before 'l' (illegal, illogical)

(E1)(L1) http://www.affixes.org/i/index.html


(E?)(L?) http://www.english-for-students.com/Etymology.html


J

K

kn- (W3)

Alle "kn-"-Wörter haben etwas Geknicktes oder Verdicktes. Die meisten "kn-"-Wörter lassen eine Konnotation zu "drücken", "zusammendrücken", "ballen", "pressen", "klemmen", "klein", "gedrückt", "rund", zu.

Zu Grunde liegt germ. "*knuppa-" = dt. "zusammengeballte Masse", "Klumpen", germ. "*knaupa-", das auf germ. "*knup-", worauf dt. "knüpfen", "Knüppel", "Knospe", "knuffen" zurück gehen. Als Wurzel wird ide. "*gen-" = dt. "gebären", "erzeugen", "zusammendrücken", "ballen", "Geballtes", "Zusammengedrücktes" postuliert.

In die Großfamilie läßt sich auch lat. "generare" = dt. "erzeugen", "hervorbringen", das z.B. auch dt. "Gene" und "generieren" hervorbrachte, einreihen. Hierzu auch lat. "gignere" = dt. "erzeugen", "hervorbringen" und dazu dt. "Genius", "Genitale", "Genitiv", "Ingenieur", "Natur", "Nation" (zu lat. "nasci" und dem postulierten "*gnasci" = dt. "geboren werden", "entstehen"), griech. "gígnesthai" = dt. "geboren werden", "werden", "entstehen" und griech. "génesis" = dt. "Geburt", "Ursprung", und damit - über lat. "genesis" auch dt. "Genesis", "Genese".

Vielleicht gibt es auch eine Verbindung von dt. "kn-" zu griech. "gonía" = dt. "Winkel", "Ecke". Immerhin ist griech. "góny" = dt. "Knie". Den Suffix griech. "-gon" findet man etwa in "Polygon" ("Vielfachknick") oder "Hexagon" ("Sechsfachknick").

Denkbar ist sicherlich auch eine lautmalerische Bildung, insbesondere bei dt. "knacken", "knicken", "knistern" und ähnlichen Verben.

Das engl. "canoodle" = dt. "schmusen", "knutschen", "Liebe machen" (auch "zerknüllen") entspricht in etwa dem dt. "knuddeln" und wird auch eher umgangssprachlich (vor allem im Zusammenhang mit Kindern) benutzt.

Beide gehen mit dem dt. "Knoten" und dem engl. "knot" und vielen anderen "kn"-Wörtern, wie dem "Knopf" zurück auf die Bedeutung "(zusammen-)drücken", "zusammenballen", "pressen", "klemmen". Als Substantive drücken "Kn-"Wörter immer etwas "Knubbelartiges" aus.

Als eines der wirklich vielen Beispiele sei noch der "Knabe" angeführt, der "Junge" ist eigentlich ein kleiner "Knubbel", "Stock", "Knüppel". In manchen Gegenden heisst der kleine "Knorren" auch "Knirps".

Die angegebenen Seiten lassen erkennen, dass sich die Fachwelt nicht ganz einig ist, ob das engl. "canoodle" wirklich in diese Verwandschaft gehört. Aber mir scheint der Weg vom dt. "knuddeln" über das Yiddische ins amerikanische Englisch am wahrescheinlichsten.



(E?)(L?) http://www.dailywritingtips.com/kn-words-in-english/

Kn- Words in English

By Maeve Maddox

A teaching site offers this rule for dealing with "silent k": "k" is often silent before "n".

An easier way to retain this information is to forget about "silent k" altogether. In a word like "knot", "k" is not "a silent letter" at all, but part of the distinct phonogram "kn".

The symbol "kn" is just another way to spell the sound /n/.

The spelling "kn" in a word like "knave" evolved from the Old English spelling "cn", in which the "c" represented a guttural sound similar to the sound /k/. For example, the OE words from which our words "knight", "knot", and "knave" have evolved were spelled "cniht", "cnotta", and "cnafa" and pronounced with a hard first sound. The guttural sound eventually dropped out, leaving only the /n/ sound, but the old spelling has survived in "kn".

Here are some familiar "kn words".

"knapsack" | "knave" | "knead" | "knee" | "kneel" | "knell" | "know" | "knickknack" | "knife" | "knight" | "knit" | "knob" | "knock" | "knoll" | "knotgrass" | "knothole" | "knowledge" | "knuckle"

Here are some more "kn words" that may not be as familiar:

"knacker" (noun): One whose trade it is to buy worn out, diseased, or useless horses, and slaughter them for their hides and hoofs, and for making dog’s-meat. Ex. “Jones will sell you to the knacker, who will cut your throat and boil you down for the foxhounds.” (Animal Farm, George Orwell)

"knackered" (adjective): exhausted. “After shopping with Mum, we were knackered.”

"knickerbockers" (noun): loose-fitting breeches, gathered in at the knee, and worn by boys, sportsmen, and others who require a freer use of their limbs. Ex. “The child…was dressed in knickerbockers, with red stockings.” (Daisy Miller, Henry James)

"knickers" (noun): underpants worn by women and children. The word is a back-formation of "knickerbockers". It’s commonly heard in the idiom, “to get one’s knickers in a twist” (i.e., “become upset”).

"knackwurst" (noun): a type of German sausage. Also spelled "knockwurst".

"knout" (noun): a kind of whip or scourge, very severe and often fatal in its effects. Ex. “The knout along with the gulag are Russia’s enduring shrines of torment.”

"knurl" (noun): a small protuberance, excrescence, or "knob".

"knurled" (adjective): having knurls wrought on the edge or surface.

"Knurling" is a process of impressing a diamond-shaped or straight-line pattern into the surface of a work piece by using specially shaped hardened metal wheels. Ex. “Walnut Knurled Guitar Knob.” “Solid walnut knurled legs on table and chairs.”

Two foreign borrowings, "Knesset" and "knish", do not belong to the category of words spelled with the phonogram "kn". They are spelled with the phonogram "k"; the sound /k/ is pronounced at the beginning of these words.

"Knesset" (noun): The parliament of the State of Israel. The word derives from a Hebrew word meaning “a gathering.” Ex. “On July 11, 1995 this problem was raised for discussion in the Knesset finance committee.”

"knish" (noun): A dumpling of flaky dough filled with chopped liver, potato, or cheese, and baked or fried. The word comes from a Yiddish word derived from a Russian word meaning “a kind of cake.” Ex. “Gabila’s Knishes: Home of the Coney Island Square Knish.”
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=kn-

"kn-", Middle English spelling of a common Germanic consonant-cluster (in Old English it was graphed as "cn-"; see "K"). The sound it represented persists in most of the sister languages, but in English it was reduced to "n-" in standard pronunciation by 1750, after about a century of weakening and fading. It was fully voiced in Old and Middle English.


(E?)(L?) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=K&allowed_in_frame=0

"K", eleventh Roman letter, from Greek "kappa", from Phoenician "kaph" or a similar Semitic source, said to mean literally "hollow of the hand" and to be so called for its shape.

Little used in classical Latin, which at an early age conformed most of its words (the exceptions had ritual importance) to a spelling using "-c-" (a character derived from Greek "gamma"). In Late Latin, pronunciation of "-c-" shifted (in the direction of "s"). Greek names brought into Latin also were regularized with a "-c-" spelling, and then underwent the Late Latin sound-shift; hence the modern pronunciation of "Cyrus", "Circe". To keep their pronunciation clear, the many Greek words (often Church words) that entered Latin after this shift tended to take Latin "-k-" for Greek "kappa".

"K-" thus became a supplementary letter to "-c-" in Medieval Latin, used with Greek and foreign words. But most of the languages descended from Latin had little need of it, having evolved other solutions to the sound shifts.

"K-" also was scarce in Old English. After the Norman conquest, new scribal habits restricted "-c-" and expanded the use of "-k-", which began to be common in English spelling from 13c. This probably was done because the sound value of "-c-" was evolving in French and the other letter was available to clearly mark the "k" sound for scribes working in English. For more, see "C".

In words transliterated from Arabic, Hebrew, Turkish, Japanese, Hawaiian, etc., it represents several different sounds lumped. In modern use some of them are now with "kh-"; in older borrowings they often followed traditional English spelling and were written with a "C-" ("Corea", "Caaba", etc.).

As a symbol for "potassium" [dt. "Kalium"], it represents Latin "kalium" "potash". In "CMYK" as a color system for commercial printing it means "black" but seems to stand for "key" in a specialized printing sense. Slang meaning "one thousand dollars" is 1970s, from "kilo-". "K" as a measure of capacity (especially in computer memory) meaning "one thousand" also is an abbreviation of "kilo-".

As an indication of "strikeout" in baseball score-keeping it dates from 1874 and is said to represent the last letter of "struck". The invention of the scorecard symbols is attributed to English-born U.S. newspaperman Henry Chadwick (1824-1908) principally of the old New York "Clipper", who had been writing baseball since 1858, and who explained it thus:

Smith was the first striker, and went out on three strikes, which is recorded by the figure "1" for the first out, and the letter "K" to indicate how put out, "K" being the last letter of the word "struck". The letter "K" is used in this instance as being easier to remember in connection with the word struck than "S", the first letter, would be. [Henry Chadwick, "Chadwick's Base Ball Manual," London, 1874]


(E?)(L?) http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=C&allowed_in_frame=0

"C", third letter of the alphabet. Alphabetic writing came to Rome via the southern Etruscan "Caeretan" script, in which "gamma" was written as a crescent. Early Romans made little use of Greek "kappa" and used "gamma" for both the "g" and "k" sounds, the latter more frequently, so that the "k" sound came to be seen as the proper one for "gamma". To restore a dedicated symbol for the "g" sound, a modified "gamma" was introduced c. 250 B.C.E. as "G". In classical Latin "-c-" has only the value "k", and thus it passed to Celtic and, via Irish monks, to Anglo-Saxon, where "-k-" was known but little used.

In Old French, many "k" sounds drifted to "ts" and by 13c., "s", but still were written with a "-c-". Thus the 1066 invasion brought to the English language a more vigorous use of "-k-" and a flood of French and Latin words in which "-c-" represented "s" (as in "cease", "ceiling", "circle"). By 15c. native English words with "-s-" were being respelled with "-c-" for "s" (as in "ice", "mice", "lice"). In some words from Italian, meanwhile, the "-c-" has a "ch" sound (a sound evolution in Italian that parallels the Old French one). In German, "-c-" in loanwords was regularized to "-k-" or "-z-" (depending on pronunciation) in the international spelling reform of 1901, which was based on the Duden guide of 1880.


(E?)(L?) http://www.visualthesaurus.com/

Friday, August 3rd

knead

Hands-On Word of the Day:

English words that begin with "kn-" share the qualities of being ancient - most go back to Old English - and of having cognates in Germanic languages. "Knead" is one such word, which appeared in Old English with the same meaning it has today: work something with the hands, such as dough. "Knead" wasn't always a homophone of "need"; In days of yore the initial consonant was pronounced, as it still is in German in words that begin "kn".


Erstellt: 2016-12

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The Most Common Prefixes in English

(E?)(L?) http://www.listafterlist.com/tabid/57/listid/886/Everything+Else/The+Most+Common+Prefixes+in+English.aspx

This list is from Overcoming Dyslexia, by Sally Shaywitz, MD. A noted researcher in neuroscience and a pediatrician, Dr Shaywitz is professor of pediatrics and codirector of the Yale Center for the Study of Learning and Attention. She is also a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. She hopes her book will be a “trusted source you can turn to for information, for advice, for guidance and for explanation.”. If your child knows these twenty prefixes, he will be able to add many words to his vocabulary. They account for 97 percent of all words with prefixes!
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Erstellt: 2010-03

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-nicotin- (W3)

Der in vielen Bezeichnungen als Präfix vorkommende Bestandteil "-nicotin–" geht auf den französischen Gesandten "Nicot" zurück, der 1560 den Tabak aus Amerika nach Europa brachte.

(E?)(L?) http://dictionary.reference.com/


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English Language Roots
Word Prefixes, Suffixes & Syllables

(E?)(L?) http://www.prefixsuffix.com/

We improved our chart-based site, adding features such as a "root word search engine" which gives you access to over 2,000 root words, making our site one of the most comprehensive online references of English language word roots.

A Really Quick Primer

Because you came here, you know already that a word whose meaning you don't know can be broken down into smaller parts and analyzed, a mental process students go through for vocabulary tests. The core part of such an analysis is to identify root words that hint at the word's overall meaning.

As an example, take the word "introspect". It is broken down into the root "spect", meaning "to look", and the prefix "intro", which adds the meaning "within". So, "look within". See how easy that was?

If you are interested in more word study, you can read this site's brief write-ups on:


Erstellt: 2016-12

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spellingbee
A Dictionary of Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Forms
from Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged
2002

(E?)(L?) http://www.spellingbee.com/pre_suf_comb.pdf


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teslcafe
Most Common Prefixes in English

(E?)(L?) http://www.teslcafe.com/yds-vocabulary-most-common-prefixes-english


Erstellt: 2010-03

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Bücher zur Kategorie:

Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
UK Vereinigtes Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland, Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda del Norte, Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne et d'Irlande du Nord, Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna e Irlanda del Nord, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Präfix, Prefijo, Préfixe, Prefisso, Prefix

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Haldeman, Samuel Stehman (Autor)
Affixes in Their Origin & Application
Exhibiting the Etymologic Structure of English Words

(E?)(L1) http://www.amazon.ca/exec/obidos/ASIN/0559160909/etymologporta-20


(E?)(L1) http://www.amazon.de/exec/obidos/ASIN/0559160909/etymologety0f-21


(E?)(L1) http://www.amazon.fr/exec/obidos/ASIN/0559160909/etymologetymo-21


(E?)(L1) http://www.amazon.co.uk/exec/obidos/ASIN/0559160909/etymologety0d-21


(E?)(L1) http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0559160909/etymologpor09-20
Taschenbuch: 272 Seiten
Verlag: BiblioBazaar (9. Oktober 2008)
Sprache: Englisch

(E?)(L?) http://www.buecher.de/


Erstellt: 2010-07

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Quinion, Michael
Ologies and Isms
A Dictionary of Word Beginnings and Endings

(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.ca/exec/obidos/ASIN/0192806408/etymologporta-20


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.de/exec/obidos/ASIN/0192806408/etymologety0f-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.fr/exec/obidos/ASIN/0192806408/etymologetymo-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.co.uk/exec/obidos/ASIN/0192806408/etymologety0d-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0192806408/etymologpor09-20
Sprache: Englisch
Broschiert - 288 Seiten - Oxford University Press
Erscheinungsdatum: 13. Oktober 2005
Auflage: Reissue
ISBN: 0192806408


Over 10,000 examples of word affixes to help you to decode word meanings.

This book covers topics such as Aquaculture, Haemophilia, Isochronous, Neuralgia, Polyunsaturated, and Rodenticide. How often do we see a technical word without quite knowing what it means? If we can decipher it - undo its language code - we can start to understand others of a similar kind. For example, if we know that words beginning with "aqua" are to do with "water", then we are half way to understanding the word "aquaculture". "Ologies and Isms" is about the building blocks of the English language - the beginnings and endings and sometimes the middles - that help form or adapt many of the words we use.

Whether you're a student or a practitioner, a teacher of English, an inveterate word-user, or just a seeker-out of linguistic trifles, the book should help you understand better the language of your workplace and the world around you. The text contains over 10,000 examples within 1250 entries and a selective thematic index breaks prefixes and suffixes down by theme, including biochemistry and drugs, living world, places and people.

We all have a childlike love of playing with words, adding bits, Lego-style, to create new ones. And we often wonder where words come from and how they are formed.

This book fills a gap we hardly knew existed. Ologies and Isms is about the building blocks of the English language—the beginnings and endings, sometimes the middles—that help create many of the words we use. How often do we see a common technical or medical word without quite knowing what it means? Does your blood run cold when you hear haemophilia; do you pale at paleobotany? If we can decipher such words, we can start to understand others of a similar kind.


(E1)(L1) http://www.worldwidewords.org/ologies.htm
sample entries for Michael Quinions "Ologies and Isms: Word Beginnings and Endings"

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Sheehan, Michael
Word Parts Dictionary
Standard and Reverse Listings of Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Forms

(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.ca/exec/obidos/ASIN/0786408197/etymologporta-20


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.de/exec/obidos/ASIN/0786408197/etymologety0f-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.fr/exec/obidos/ASIN/0786408197/etymologetymo-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.co.uk/exec/obidos/ASIN/0786408197/etymologety0d-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0786408197/etymologpor09-20
Bibliothekseinband: 235 Seiten
Verlag: McFarland & Company (30. März 2001)
Sprache: Englisch

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Urdang, Laurence
Prefixes and Other Word-Initial Elements of English

(E?)(L?) http://www.verbatimbooks.com/verbatimbooks/page9.asp


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.ca/exec/obidos/ASIN/0930454103/etymologporta-20


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.de/exec/obidos/ASIN/0930454103/etymologety0f-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.fr/exec/obidos/ASIN/0930454103/etymologetymo-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.co.uk/exec/obidos/ASIN/0930454103/etymologety0d-21


(E?)(L?) http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0930454103/etymologpor09-20
Gebundene Ausgabe: 533 Seiten
Verlag: Verbatim Books,U.S. (Dezember 1998)
Sprache: Englisch


Synopsis
Origins, history, meanings and applications of nearly 3000 common and technical free forms, bound forms, and roots that frequently occur at the beginnings of words, with an index of all sample words, variants and etymological source words and roots.


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How Words Work

(E?)(L?) http://www.virtualsalt.com/roots.htm

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Many words are made up of a root (or base word) and a prefix. Some words also have a suffix. For example, the root word "port" means to "carry" or to "bear". Attach the prefix "ex", meaning "out" or "out of", and you have the word "export", to "carry out". Attach the prefix "im", meaning "in" or "into" and you have "import", to "carry in". Attach the prefix "trans", meaning "across", and you have "transport", meaning to "carry across". Now let's attach the suffix "able", meaning "able to be", and you have "importable", "exportable", and "transportable".

The very words "prefix" and "suffix" are good examples, too. "Pre" means "before" and "fix" means to "fasten" or "attach", so quite literally, a "prefix" is "something attached to the beginning of something else". "Suf" is a variant of "sub", "below" or "under", so a "suffix" is "something fastened underneath something else" (in this case, behind the root).

By learning the common roots and prefixes (and a few suffixes) you will be able to discern the meaning of many new words almost immediately. (But do look them up for confirmation.) Take the word "abject", for example. If you know that "ab" means "away" or "down" and "ject" means to "throw", you can easily figure out that "abject" doesn't mean something happy. Rather "abject"'s root meaning of "thrown down" is quite close to the dictionary defintion of "cast down in spirit" or "sunk into depression".

Note that some modern words are formed by using abbreviated forms of other words. Thus, we see the use of the letter "i" for "Internet" in "iPhone", "iPod", and "iTunes", indicating that these items or services work with the Internet. Similarly, the use of "e" for "electronic" appears in words such as "elearning" (and various forms: "eLearning", "E-Learning", and so on), "e-commerce", and "e-business". The "e-terms" seem to have been coined before the "i-terms" became popular. And note that most of the "i-terms" are trademarks, while the others are general descriptors: "I'm going to download some iTunes from Apple's e-commerce site because I love e-music." At any rate, these abbreviated forms are not traditional prefixes, but because they are indeed attached to the front of what amounts to root words, they could be considered functional prefixes.
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Erstellt: 2015-01

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